Indian Journal of Chemistry

 

Sect. B: Organic Chemistry including Medicinal Chemistry

Total visitors: 1,758  since 10-10-06

 

Special Issue on Green/Sustainable Chemistry

VOL. 45B

NUMBER 10

OCTOBER 2006

CONTENTS

Advances in Contemporary Research

 

 

 

2251

Potential of ionic liquids in greener methodologies involving biocatalysis and other synthetically important transformations

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07C, CO7D

 

 

 

A review on biocatalytic transformations in neutral ionic liquids and synthetic methodologies in Lewis acidic ionic liquids with emphasis on the advantages offered by these neoteric solvents.

 

Susheel J Nara, Prashant U Naik, Jitendra R Harjani & Manikrao M Salunkhe*

 

 

 

 

Papers

 

 

 

2270

Grignard reagent and Green Chemistry: Mechanistic studies to understand the molecular origins of selectivity in the formation of RMgX

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07B49

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hassan Hazimeh, Jean-Marc Mattalia, Mireille Attolini,

Nicolas Bodineau, Kishan Handoo, Caroline Marchi-Delapierre,

Eric Péralez & Michel Chanon*

 

 

 

 

 

 

2281

Calculation of the activity coefficients at infinite dilution in binary aqueous systems of pyridine and its derivatives

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

The activity coefficients at infinite dilution of binary mixtures formed by water and pyridine and its derivatives have been calculated using the NRTLmKW model. These have been compared with the data obtained directly from the measured vapour pressures. The results have been discussed from the point of view of intermolecular interactions and some recommendations made on the use of the NRTLmKW model for such calculation.

 

 

 

 

Paweł Gierycz* & Iwona Zięborak-Tomaszkiewicz

 

 

 

 

 

 

2286

Ionic liquids: Valuable solvents for palladium catalysed C-P cross-coupling reactions

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

Room temperature ionic liquids have been used successfully for the preparation of phosphine derivatives via a palladium catalysed C-P cross-coupling. The use of a pyridinium-modified phosphine ligand combined to palladium acetate afforded a catalyst having a high level of activity and recyclability.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

H Vallette, S Pican, C Boudou ,

J Levillain, J C Plaquevent & A C Gaumont*

 

 

 

 

 

 

2291

Application of green chemistry principles for extraction of phytolipids and phenolic compounds

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 A61K

Applications of modern extraction technologies, in conjunction with optimized extraction procedures have enabled chemists and chemical engineers to considerably reduce the quantity of solvents consumed and waste generated during the extraction of bioactive phytochemicals from different plant matrices.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Devanand L Luthria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2297

Manufacture of therapeutic oligonucleotides: Development of new reagents and processes

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nanda D Sinha*, Satya N Kuchimanchi,
Greg Miranda & Saied Shaikh

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2305

Greener organic syntheses under non-traditional conditions

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

A solvent-free approach that involves microwave (MW) exposure of neat reactants (undiluted) catalyzed by the surfaces of less-expensive and recyclable mineral supports such as alumina, silica, clay, or ‘doped’ surfaces is presented which is applicable to a wide range of reactions. Synthesis of a wide variety of significant precursors and intermediates and their value in concise MW synthesis of 2-aroylbenzofurans, and thiazole derivatives is illustrated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rajender S Varma

 

 

 

 

 

2313

3,5-Bis(arylmethylene)-4-piperidone derivatives as novel anticancer agents

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

Anticancer properties of 3,5-bis(arylmethylene)-4-piperidone derivatives have been reviewed with emphasis on their chemistry, bioactivity and quantitative structure-activity relationship studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amitabh Jha* & Katherine M Duffield

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2321

Green synthesis of substituted imidazothiadiazoles using ionic liquid

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

An eco-friendly synthesis of imidazo[2,1-b]-1,3,4-using ionic liquid, [bmim]PF6 (1-butyl-3- methylimidazolium thiadiazoles hexafluorophosphate) is described.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mazaahir Kidwai* & Shweta Rastogi

 

 

 

 

 

 

2325

An environmentally benign protocol for the synthesis of 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones using solid acid catalysts under solvent-free conditions

 

IPC:.Int.Cl.8 C07D

Phosphotungstic acid / sulfated zirconia catalyzed one-pot condensation of aryl aldehydes, urea derivatives and β-diketones under microwave irradiation rapidly affords substituted 3,4-dihydropyrimidin-2(1H)-ones in excellent yields and high purity. The low cost catalysts have exhibited remarkable reactivity and reusability for the aforementioned synthesis.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dalip Kumar*, Braja Gopal Mishra & V S Rao

 

 

 

 

 

2330

Neat reaction technology: A green tool

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

A solvent free approach for organic synthesis is described which involve microwave exposure of neat reactants. A variety of cyclization and condensation are carried out including the efficient one pot assembly of heterocyclic molecules from in situ generated intermediates.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mazaahir Kidwai* & Poonam Mothsra

 

 

 

 

Notes

 

 

 

2337

Microwave effect in organic reactions

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07C

A method for predicting specific microwave effect in organic reactions has been evolved. The aforesaid effect is likely to be observed if all the reactants in an organic reactions (in the absence of a ‘rate modifier’) are polar in nature. It is unlikely to be observed if the reactions involve a non-polar reactant.

 

 

 

 REACTANTS                                                         SPECIFIC MICROWAVE EFFECT

    A    +                                B                                           PRODUCTS

POLAR                              POLAR                                    OBSERVED / ALLOWED

POLAR                              NON-POLAR                          NOT OBSERVED / DIS-ALLOWED

NON POLAR                    NON POLAR                           DIS-ALLOWED

 

 

 

Sharwan K Dewan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2341

One pot synthesis of 3-acetoacetyl-5-oxo-5H-[1] benzopyrano [3,2-e]pyridin-2-one from triacetic acid lactone

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8C07D

The nucleophilic character of triacetic acid lactone has been exploited here in the Michael condensation reaction involving 2-amino-3-formylchromone as the starting material. The compound has been characterized on the basis of spectral data and evaluated for antimicrobial activity.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Zeba N Siddiqui*, Gulrana Khuwaja & M Asad

 

 

 

 

 

Green Education

 

 

 

2346

Toxicology and the environment — An IUPAC teaching programme for chemists

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07C25/20

Increasingly chemists are faced with legislation requiring assessment of hazard and risk associated with the production, use, and disposal of chemicals. The general public is equally concerned about the dangers. To address these concerns, IUPAC agreed to produce a multi-author book, ‘Fundamental Toxicology for Chemists’. The contents of each unit are explained as each has some input into environmental matters. In addition the programme includes a case study of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and a paper on toxicology and ethics, both of which are presented.

 

 

 

 

John H Duffus & Howard G J Worth*

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2353

Within the portals of green chemistry: Green strategies to manage curriculum induced hazards in chemistry laboratories

 

IPC: Int.Cl.8 C07D

Some green procedures are being suggested here to establish a doer-friendly atmosphere in the laboratories.

 

 

 

 

 

S Bhanumati* & Harsh Deep

 

 

 

 

Authors for correspondence are indicated by (*)

 

IPC: International Patent Classification

Int.Cl8.: International Classification, 8th Edition, 2006