Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research

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VOLUME 70

NUMBER 3

MARCH 2011

CONTENTS

Reviews

191

Management of biohazards: An occupational need






Jyoti Sharma

Safety is necessary to protect staff and environment in a laboratory, and also to protect materials from possible cross-contamination. In most of the cases, biohazard waste handling by lower untrained staff in improper supervision and guidance results in damaging environment and transmit deadly diseases. This review presents development of waste management policies, plans and protocols in addition to establishing training programs on proper waste management for all healthcare workers.

199

Bamboo shoot based fermented food products: a review

























Debangana Choudhury, Jatindra K Sahu &
G D Sharma

This paper reviews fermented bamboo shoots as a brilliant fixing to numerous delicious dishes, of not only the Indian sub-continent but also China, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan. Low in calorie and high in carbohydrate, proteins and minerals, bamboo shoots are consumed in raw, canned, boiled, fermented, and stir fried forms. It is anticipated that process optimization with further validation will help to grow an independent bamboo shoot based food industry.

Management & Information Technology

204

Methodological framework for assessment of overall hazard of an accident - a Serbian experience





Evica Stojiljkovic, Miroljub Grozdanovic & Srdjan Glisovic

This study presents an integrating methodological framework for assessment of overall hazard of an accident by achieving synergism in application of methods for technical system reliability assessment, human reliability assessment and accident analysis. Case study performed at a company (M/s Tehnogas AD, Nis, Serbia) has confirmed that new methodological framework for assessment of level of overall hazard, is highly applicable, comprehensive and simple to perform.

210

Optimization of balise placement in a railway track using a vehicle, an odometer and genetic algorithm






















Mohammad Ali
Sandidzadeh &
Ali Khodadadi

This study presents optimization of balise placements in a multi-sensor architecture for onboard navigation system of a train, which runs on a track equipped with balise-based signaling system. Determination of locations of balises depends on a variety of parameters. Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Kalman filtering concept were used to find optimum places of balices in the line to reduce tachometer errors, which are one of the most important sensors in train navigation.

S & T and Industrial Research

215

Foliar application of seaweed sap as biostimulant for enhancement of yield and quality of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.)







S T Zodape , Abha Gupta , S C Bhandari,
U S Rawat, D R Chaudhary, K Eswaran &
J Chikara

Effect of Kappaphycus alvarezii sap (seaweed) on growth and yield of tomato was studied in field during kharif season of 2006-07. K. alvarezii sap, was applied as a foliar spray at 5.0%, increased yield of tomato fruit (60.89%) as compared to control plants sprayed with water due to increase in yield attributing characters like number of fruits per plant and size of fruit measured by polar as well as equatorial diameter of fruit. Apart from yield, quality of fruit also improved with application of sap. Macro and micro elements content of fruit increased in the range of 13.24-67.50% and 23.84-42.61%, respectively over control. Nutrient uptake by fruit and shoot was improved with foliar application of K. alvarezii sap. Plants receiving foliar applications showed resistance to leaf curl and bacterial wilt as well as fruit borer. Among all treatments, 5.0% foliar applications proved to be most beneficial.

Energy and Environment

220

Effects of advanced injection timing on performance and emission of a supercharged dual-fuel diesel engine fueled by producer gas from downdraft gasifier






















S Hassan, Z A Zainal & M A Miskam

This study presents effects of advanced injection timing on engine performance and emission characteristics of a supercharged producer gas-diesel dual fuel diesel engine fueled by producer gas from a downdraft gasifier. Original injection timing of engine was 14 before top dead center (BTDC), and tests were conducted at advanced three different injection timings (17, 20, and 23) by changing thickness of copper shim. Experiments were carried out at a constant injection pressure (2 bar) with varying injection flow rates of both producer gas and air at different engine speeds and loads. Advancing injection timing in a supercharged engine showed that diesel fuel displacement and brake thermal efficiency increased, with a significant reduction in carbon monoxide emission and specific energy consumption compared with original injection timing of premixed producer gas-diesel dual fuel.

225

Assessment of fine particle number profile in fugitive emissions from firecrackers























Deepanjan Majumdar & P Nema

This study presents an estimation of fine particulates under various size ranges (0.25-1, 1-1.6, 1.6-2.0 & 2.0-2.5 m) along with total suspended particulate matter (TSPM) in fugitive emissions emanating from firecracker bursting. Background concentration profile of fine particulates under same size groups was also examined a day before and after at the same site. Fine particle number and TSPM substantially increased over background concentrations at firecracker bursting site and there was appreciable temporal variation driven by random firing of crackers, but concentrations were back to almost background levels the following day, showing that exposure to such particles could be short-lived.

Energy and Environment

230

Evaluation of radon exhalation rate from granite stone




P Nassiri, H Ebrahimi & P Jafari Shalkouhi

This study evaluates radon exhalation rate from 10 different granite stones, used for building construction in Iran. Radon exhalation rate ranged from non-detectable to 0.6 Bq m-2 h-1. Six samples had exhalation rate above detectable level. A significant statistical relationship between radon exhalation rate with 226Ra and 232Th indicated that 226Ra and 232Th were responsible for radon exhalation from granite stones.

Waste Treatment and Utilization

232

Manufacturing rigid board by packaging waste containing aluminum and polyethylene












M Hidalgo

This study presents feasibility of using recycled low density polyethylene (LDPE) and aluminum of Tetra Pak to manufacture composite rigid board using a hot press. Compounds of LDPE / Al were significantly affected by the effect of compaction pressure during processing, especially in tensile strength and water absorption. Composite presents low water absorption, and acceptable tensile strength.

235

Treatment of textile effluent by fly ash and reusing of colour adsorbed fly ash























P Chandrasekaran &
R Malathy

In this study, fly ash from thermal power plant was used as adsorbent for dye effluent emitted from textile processing industries. Sludge [colour adsorbed fly ash (CAF)] from packed column was used to replace cement in different proportions in concrete. CAF concrete was not found equal to strength of conventional concrete but it was above the standard level and comparable. Durability test gave satisfactory results.

Author-Reader Platform

240

Instructions to contributors

 
 

Author Index


Bhandari S C

215

 

 

Chandrasekaran P

235

Chaudhary D R

215

Chikara J

215

Choudhury D

199

 

 

Ebrahimi H

230

Eswaran K

215

 

 

Glisovic S

204

Grozdanovic M

204

Gupta A

215

 

 

Hassan S

220

Hidalgo M

232

 

 

Khodadadi A

210

 

 

Majumdar D

225

Malathy R

235

Miskam M A

220

 

 

Nassiri P

230

Nema P

225

 

 

Rawat U S

215

 

 

Sahu J K

199

Sandidzadeh M A

210

Shalkouhi P J

230

Sharma G D

199

Sharma J

191

Stojiljkovic E

204

 

 

Zainal Z A

220

Zodape S T

215


 

 

Keyword Index


Adsorption

235

Aerosol

225

Alpha GURD

230

Atmosphere

225

 

 

Balise transponder

210

Biohazard

191

Biomedical waste

191

 

 

Colour adsorbed fly ash(CAF)

235

Composites

232

 

 

Dual fuel engine

220

 

 

Fermented bamboo shoots

199

Firecracker

225

Fly ash

235

Foliar spray

215

 

 

Gasification

220

Genetic algorithm

210

Granite stone

230

 

 

Hazard analysis

204

Human error

204

 

 

Industrial accident

204

Industrial environment

204

Injection timing

220

Iran

230

 

 

Kalman filter

210

Kappaphycus alvarezii

215

 

 

LAB

199

Lactofermentation

199

 

 

Mechanical properties

232

 

 

Packed column

235

Pollution

225

Producer gas

220

 

 

Quality control

199

 

 

Radon

230

Railway control

210

Recycling Tetra Pak

232

Regulation

191

Rigid boards

232

 

 

Seaweed sap

215

Segregation

191

Spectroscopy

225

Supercharging

220

 

 

Tomato

215

Train positioning

210

 

 

Waste management

191

 

 

Yield

215