Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research

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VOLUME 65

NUMBER 8

AUGUST 2006

CONTENTS

Review

619

Materials handling technology and significance of expert systems to select appropriate handling equipments in engineering industries: A review


Thoguluva Raghavan Vijayaram

This review discusses various handling equipments and the role of material handling systems in engineering industries. Flow of material through ecosystem of an industrial society is the physical manifestation of its substance, productivity and wealth. A brief explanation on the material handling interests and activities are also highlighted. Simulation models are precisely given to generate the expert system software for handling systems.

Management & Information Technology

625

An approach to manage constraint resource and outsourcing decision

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

P S Chakraborty , G Majumder & B Sarkar

Constrained resources in manufacturing organization lead managers to take decision on outsourcing of some products. This paper compares the possible solution between normal accounting, theory of constraints (TOC) and extended TOC to decide production outsourcing. This paper is a real life implementation of linear programming with TOC philosophy, which is easier to follow with very few parameters required for verification. Extended TOC model is simple and helps managers to make faster decision in outsourcing problem with maximum throughput.

IPC Code: G01B1/00

632

Modelling the effects of industrial discharged waters to Degirmendere River (South Eastern Black Sea)

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

  

N Sivri
, E Kose & A M Feyzioglu

In this study, modeling the effect of discharge waters from various industrial establishments located along the Degirmendere basin in Trabzon was investigated. Discharges from industrial establishments directly influence the water quality of the Degirmendere River, which is also influenced by inputs resulting from sewage, industrial processes, and agricultural run-off water discharge. Wastewaters are often discharged continuously into this river. The organic compounds found in the water are utilized by aquatic microorganisms and consequently reduce the dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration in the river. Models of DO profiles are useful in predicting possible consequences of additional river discharges or aeration strategies on the river. Input data for the model was the average of data collected between 1996 and 2004. The resulting four different scenarios were indicative of the effects of industrial discharge water, especially the dynamics of DO, BOD5, temperature, and fecal coliform in the Degirmendere River.

IPC Code: C02F3/00

Management & Information Technology

639

Neural network for short-term predictions of ambient particulate matter around thermal power plant






G Sriram, N Krishna Mohan &
V Gopalasamy

A three-layer neural network model has been developed to predict suspended particulate matter (SPM) in and around a thermal power plant at Neyveli. The feed forward supervised neural network–the back propagation was used to train the network. Utilizing the meteorological data along with SPM data for all the six monitoring stations surrounding the thermal power plant, the neural gave better predictions. The aim of the present research work is to construct a forecasting model that would be suitable for the use of future planning and developments.

IPC Code: B01D49/00, G06N3/02

646

Design of robust model based neural controller for controlling vibration of active suspension system























Şahin Yıldırım & İkbal Eski

This paper presents a new robust model based neural controller (NC) for active suspension system (ASS)’s vibrations via feedback control approach. The proposed control system consists of a NC, a robust feedback controller, a third-order linear reference model and dynamics of ASS. The simulation examples with various standard input signals are included to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control method and show significant improvement over the existing PID controller method. The robustness of the proposed NC is also analyzed with white noise disturbances on the suspension system. It is shown that the control system is robustly stable for all road disturbances.

IPC Code: G06N3/02

 

S & T and Industrial Research

655

Study the protein variations induced by Monocrotophos in Cyprinus carpio using PIC16F877 microcontroller








P Neelamegam, A Rajendran,
C Maruthanayagam & M Mohanraja

A real time microcontroller based instrumentation system has been developed to measure protein in different tissues of Monocrotophos (organo phosphorous insecticides) treated Cyprinus carpio (fish). During exposure period, tissues of muscle, liver and intestine showed a significant amount of decrease in the biochemical constituent due to metabolic stress. The protein content slowly decreased in all tissues, due to enhanced proteolytic activity, perhaps due to decreased protein synthesis and complete utilization of its products for metabolic purposes. During recovery period, protein content showed an elevation in all tissues. Protein level was gradually regained after termination of sublethal exposure. Measurement details of protein using microcontroller are presented.

S & T and Industrial Research

659

Effect of tray load on drying kinetics of mango, guava and aonla
























P Suresh Kumar, V R Sagar & Uadal Singh

A study was conducted to find out the optimum tray load and drier type for the drying of osmosed mango, guava slices and aonla segments. The osmosed slices and segments were dehydrated in a cabinet drier, low temperature drier and vacuum drier with the tray loads of 0.30, 0.35, 0.40 and 0.45 g/cm2. On the basis of, correlation and regression analyses performed by using dehydration time (h), drier and tray load as independent variables and moisture content as dependent variable, vacuum drier was found to be better in faster drying followed by cabinet drier. Tray load of 0.40 g/cm2 was optimum quantity in drying of better quality osmo-dehydrated products by both vacuum and cabinet drier. R2 value revealed that the model based on different tray loads and drier found to be appropriate to predict the drying under various drying conditions.

IPC Code: A23N12/00

665

Synthesis, characterization and antimicrobial activities of metal complexes of 2 -formyl thymol oxime
























A S Kuwar, S R Shimpi, P P Mahulikar &
R S Bendre

Metal to ligand (1: 2) complexes with molecular formula [M(HL)2]n [HL = anionic form of 2-formyl thymol oxime, M = metal (II) ion] of 2-formyl thymol oxime (H2L) and its manganese, iron, cobalt, nickel, copper and zinc complexes have been prepared and characterized by elemental analysis, magnetic measurements, molar conductivity, IR and UV-Visible spectroscopy. Complexes were tested for antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas putida, P. fluorescense and Bradyrhizobium japonicum and fungal cultures Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, Fusarium oxysporum, and Alternaria alternata.

IPC Code: C07C251/32

Energy and Environment

670

Transient thermal analysis of hollow clay tiled concrete roof for energy conservation and comfort

































K C K Vijaykumar, P S S Srinivasan &
S Dhandapani

Study presents a new concept of laying hollow clay tiles (HCT) over RCC instead of Weathering Course (WC). Transient heat transmission across roof structures for typical Indian climatic conditions has been studied. Energy savings with HCT roof is found to be 38-63% than conventional WC roof. When air is allowed to flow through the hollow passages, air flow is found to take care of all variations in the outside climate and solar radiation, thus providing almost uniform roof bottom surface temperature.

IPC Code: E04H14/00

 

Waste Treatment and Utilization

675

Effect of moisture level on biodegradation of forest waste under solid state fermentation












Nivedita Sharma, K L Bansal & B Neopaney

Biodegradation of forest waste by hydrolytic enzymes (cellulase and xylanase) secreted by the coculture of Bacillus coagulans and B. licheniformis by changing the moisture level of substrate in solid-state fermentation (SSF) was studied. At optimum moisture level, there was a considerable increase in extracellular enzyme production, thus, consequently increasing the degradation of forest waste. An increase upto 1024% in biodegradation index of dilute sulphuric acid pretreated Cedrus deodara wood was noticed at substrate: moisture ratio of 1:2.

Waste Treatment and Utilization

680

Removal of Reactofix Red 3BFN from industrial effluent using adsorption techniques
















Rajeev Jain, Shaily Varshney &
Shalini Sikarwar

Wheat husk has been used to adsorb dye using a series of batch experiments. Langmuir model provides best correlation of experimental data. Isotherms have also been used to obtain thermodynamic parameters such as free energy, enthalpy and entropy of adsorption. Various parameters (pH, adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration, temperature, particle size etc.) were optimized.

IPC Code: B01D17/05

Book Review

684

Change Management
Reviewer: Rajat K Baisya

Author-Reader Platform

685

Instructions to contributors

 

Author Index

 



Bansal K L

675

Bendre R S

665

Chakraborty P S

625

Dhandapani S

670

Eski İ

646

Feyzioglu A M

632

Gopalasamy V.

639

Jain R

680

Kose E

632

Kumar P S

659

Kuwar A S

665

Mahulikar P P

665

Majumder G

625

Maruthanayagam C

655

Mohan N. K

639

Mohanraja M

655

Neelamegam P

655

Neopaney B

675

Rajendran A

655

Sagar V R

659

Sarkar B

625

Sharma N

675

Shimpi S R

665

Sikarwar S

680

Singh U

659

Sivri N

632

Srinivasan P S S

670

Sriram G

639

Varshney S

680

Vijayaram T R

619

Vijaykumar K C K

670

Yıldırım Ş

646



Keyword Index

 


Active suspension

646

Adsorption

680

Air pollution

639

Antibacterial activity

665

Antifungal activity

665

Antimicrobial activity

665

Aonla

659

Automated flexible manufacturing system

619

Automated guided vehicle

619

Biodegradation

675

Black Sea

632

Building roof

670

Charcoal

680

Data acquisition system

655

Degirmendere River

632

Dehydration

659

Drier

659

Drying rate

659

Energy savings

670

Experience curve

625

Forest waste

675

Guava

659

Heat transmission

670

Hollow clay tiles

670

Human comfort

670

Industrial discharged waters

632

Insecticides

655

Integrated manufacturing system

619

Inventory control

619

Linear programming

625

Mango

659

Material handling equipment

619

Metal complexes

665

Microcontroller

655

Neural networks

639, 646

Normal accounting

625

Osmosis

659

Oxime

665

PID controller

646

Protein measurement

655

Prototype expert system

619

Reactofix Red 3BFN

680

River model

632

Robust neural controller

646

Simulation model

619

Solid-state fermentation

675

Suspended particulate matter

639

Theory of constraints

625

Thermal power plant

639

Throughput

625

Thymol

665

Transit movement

619

Tray load

659

Wheat husk

680