NATURAL PRODUCT RADIANCE

Total visitors: 1,514  since 2-11-06


VOLUME 5

NUMBER 5

September-October 2006

 

 

CONTENTS

 

Editorial                                                                                                             349

Research Articles/Articles

Organoleptic and chemical evaluation of osmotically processed Apricot wholes and 

halves

H R Sharma, Pooja and Ranjana Verma

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A23B 7/00, A23B 7/08                                                                                            350

 

Antifungal activity of extracts of some Cassia, Detarium and Ziziphus species against 

dermatophytes

Harami M Adamu, O J Abayeh, NNE U Ibok and Samuel Emgba Kafu

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A61K 36/00, A61P 31/10, A61K 36/48, A61K 36/482, A61K 36/725                 357

 

A comparative quality appraisal of exported cardamoms of India, Sri Lanka and 

Guatemala

Jaleel Kizhakkayil, Elizabeth Thomas, T John Zachariah, S Syamkumar and B

Sasikumar

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A23l 1/22                                                                                                                    361

 

Green page: Research Articles/Articles

West Indian Cherry – A lesser known fruit for nutritional security

D R Singh

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A23L 1/00, A01G 17/00, A61K 36/00                                                                      366

 

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (Kali Musali): An endangered medicinal plant of 

commercial value

Saba Irshad, J Singh, S P Jain and S P S Khanuja

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A01G 1/00, A61K 36/00, A61K 125/00                                                                   369

 

Establishment and maintenance of callus of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni under 

aseptic environment

Kuntal Das, Raman Dang and P E Rajasekharan

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾ A01H 4/00, A23L 2/60, A61K 36/00, A61K 36/28                                                   373

 

Explorer: Research Articles/Article

Hor, the traditional alcoholic beverage of Karbi tribe in Assam

Robindra Teron

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾¾  C12C 5/00, C12C 11/00, C12G 3/00, A23L 1/22, A61K 36/00                         377

 

Some medicinal plants used by Irular, the tribal people of Marudhamalai hills, 

Coimbatore, 

Tamil Nadu

M Senthilkumar, P Gurumoorthi and K Janardhanan

IPC code; Int. cl 8 ¾ A61K 36/00                                                                                                                 382

 

Review Article

A review on medicinal plants exhibiting antifertility activity in males
R S Gupta
and Rakhi Sharma

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A61K 36/00, A61P 15/00, A61P 15/16                                                                      389

 

Readers Write                                                                                                     348

Book Reviews                                                                                                     411

Forthcoming Conferences                                                                             412

Index                                                                                                                       413

 

 

 

 

 

Readers Write

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.- Oct. 2006, 348

 

HIV/AIDS cure by Heibam (Ficus palmata) leaves

            Dear editor, I am grateful to you for publishing my note on herbal treatment for HIV in Vol.5, No.4, p. 260 of your journal. I wish to further add that cooked peas, potato and water are not ingredients of the formula as medicine. They are used for making taste and flavour. Young tender leaves of Heibam (20g) also have considerable healing power and to be taken with a little common salt thrice daily with meals for 4 to 6 months.

 

Ch. Binod Singh

Keinou (Thongkha), Tiddim Road

P. O. Nambol, Manipur-795134

 

Management of osteoarthritis through Ayurveda

            Dear Editor, through this column I would like to share with the readers my experience and practices on osteoarthritis (OA). It is a common joint condition affecting a large number of people in middle age and above. Main presenting feature of OA is pain in and around the affected joint. No specific etiological reason have been found clearly associated with the occurrence of OA, however, certain risk factors have been found associated with increased chances of OA. These risk factors are: obesity, advanced age, osteoporosis, trauma to the joint, long inactivation of joint and infection in joint.

 

Sandhivata is the Ayurvedic synonym for OA. Pain, which arises at the movement of the joint is called sandhivata. As the name suggests it is the disease of sandhi (joints) caused by vata. Ayurvedic remedies include the use of rasayana which are the herbs, which may improve the joint lubrication by increasing the Kapha content of the body in general and to joints in particular. Khajur, Bala, Naga bala and Satavari can be used for this purpose. Guggulu, Nirgundi, Rasna, Dasa mula are the vata samaka drugs and can be used as powder, decoction or as extract. Medicated oils like Maha visha garbha oil is recommended for local applications to reduce pain or to provide nourishment to joint tissue. Local fomentation of the affected joints may be done with simple steam or with decoction of the Vata samaka herbs. Risk factors discussed above are to be identified and managed as per the individual situation.

Dr. Sanjeev Rastogi, MD

Consultant physician and lecturer (Ayurveda)

LBS Govt. Ayurvedic College,

Handia , Allahabad

Ph.0522-6541085

Mob.9415022955

E-mail: rastogisanjeev@yahoo.com

 

Natural science update

            We have recently consulted this journal and found it very useful for our work. The variety of articles and digests prepared by editors are as varied as our Indian natural resources which provide all types of natural products. We wish all the best to you and your entire team for this noble effort and believe that the future issues of the journal will be bright in colour and healthy in content.

 

Dr. Narottam Sahoo

Gujarat Council of Science City

Gandhinagar – 382011

Research Articles/Articles

Natural Product RadianceVol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 350-356

Organoleptic and chemical evaluation of osmotically processed
Apricot wholes and halves

H R Sharma, Pooja and Ranjana Verma

Apricot fruit (Prunus armeniaca Linn. cv. ‘New Castle’) wholes and halves before and after blanching, pricking and lye treatment were subjected to osmotic treatment in sucrose syrups of varying strengths (50, 60 and 70%) for 24 hours under ambient conditions followed by draining and partial drying  to an intermediate moisture range. The intermediate moisture products (fresh and stored) were subjected to an organoleptic and chemical evaluation. Apricot halves treated in heavy syrup were found to be more acceptable than whole fruits treated similarly. A slight changes in sensory quality and some of the chemical attributes occurred during 3 months of storage. Lye treatment resulted in better quality products as adjudged by the judges. The samples having high contents of sugar and brix : acid ratios had higher overall organoleptic acceptability. From the study it was concluded that osmotic processing could process apricots in to raisin like intermediate moisture products. The process is simple, economical and non-destructive with least wastage of fruit during processing.

 

Keywords: Processed fruits, Apricot, Prunus armeniaca cv. ‘New Castle’, Osmotic processing, Organoleptic evaluation.

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾ A23B 7/00, A23B 7/08.

 

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 357-360

 

Antifungal activity of extracts of some Cassia, Detarium and Ziziphus species against dermatophytes

 

Harami M Adamu, O J Abayeh, NNE U Ibok and Samuel Emgba Kafu

 

The methanol extracts of Cassia occidentalis Linn., C. singuena (Del.) Lack, C. tora Linn., Detarium microcarpum Guill. & Perr., Ziziphus abyssinica (Hochst ex A. Rich) Fiori, Z. mauritiana Lam., Z. mucronata Willd. and Z. spina-christi Willd. found in Bauchi State, Nigeria, showed antifungal activity when tested by the agar diffusion method against dermatophytes, viz.Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagaphytes, Microsporum canis and Aspergillus fumigatus.

 

Keywords: Medicinal plants, Antifungal, Microorganisms, Dermatophytes, Cassia occidentalis , Cassia singuena, Cassia tora, Detarium microcarpum, Ziziphus abyssinica, Ziziphus mauritiana, Ziziphus mucronata, Ziziphus spina-christi, Trichophyton rubrum, Trichophyton mentagaphytes, Microsporum canis, Aspergillus fumigatus.

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A61K 36/00, A61P 31/10, A61K 36/48, A61K 36/482, A61K 36/725.

 

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 361-365

 

A comparative quality appraisal of exported cardamoms of India, Sri Lanka and Guatemala

Jaleel Kizhakkayil, Elizabeth Thomas, T John Zachariah,

S Syamkumar and B Sasikumar

 

             Exported cardamoms from India, Sri Lanka and Guatemala were characterized based on physical, biochemical parameters and molecular techniques. For most of the physical quality parameters and for the biochemical traits such as starch and crude fibre Indian cardamom is found superior to the other produces.  Further, GC profile of the oil of Indian cardamom indicated higher quantities of α-terpinyl acetate and 1, 8-cineole, which impart aroma and flavour to the cardamom, thus reinforcing the legendary belief of high intrinsic quality of the Indian cardamom. Molecular profiling using RAPD/ISSR primers did not reveal much polymorphism. 

 

Keywords: Cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum, India, Sri Lanka, Guatemala, Physical parameters, Biochemical parameters, Molecular technique.

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A23l 1/22

Green Page: Research Articles/Articles

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 366-368

 

West Indian Cherry – A lesser known fruit for nutritional security

 

D R Singh

The fruits of West Indian Cherry, Malpighia glabra Linn. are of nutritional value because of their very high ascorbic acid content. The present paper gives information on its current status and large scale cultivation prospects in India particularly in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

 

Keywords: West Indian Cherry, Barbados Cherry, Acerola,  Malpighia glabra, Underutilized fruit, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Cultivation.

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A23L 1/00, A01G 17/00, A61K 36/00

 

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 369-372

 

Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. (Kali Musali): An endangered medicinal plant of commercial value

Saba Irshad, J Singh, S P Jain and S P S Khanuja

 

Plant drugs have been in use for the treatment of diseases since times immemorial. Due to over exploitation, destructive mode of collection, and other biotic and abiotic factors, a number of medicinal plants are facing genetic erosion and are under the threat of extinction. Curculigo orchioides Gaertn. commonly known as Kali Musali is an endangered medicinal plant and as such required to be conserved and domesticated. It is extensively utilized as nutritive tonic for strength, vigour and vitality. In the recent times, many novel chemical constituents have been isolated and characterized and many pronounced biological activities such as anticancer, antihepatotoxic and immunomodulator activities have been reported from the plant. The present article highlights medicinal values, chemical constituents and biological activities along with cultivation strategies of the species in India.

 

Keywords: Kali Musali, Shyah-Musali, Curculigo orchioides, Curculigosides, Anticancer, Hepatoprotective, Immunomodulator, Cultivation, Endangered.

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A01G 1/00, A61K 36/00, A61K 125/00

 

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 373-376

 

Establishment and maintenance of callus of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni under aseptic environment

Kuntal Das, Raman Dang and P E Rajasekharan

 

            The callus culture of leaves of Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni (Family: Asteraceae) was initiated and maintained on different strengths of Murashiage and Skoog (MS) medium with phytohormones. The study showed that Kinetin in combination with Naphthalene Acetic Acid (NAA) and 2, 4-D exhibits better results for callus initiation whereas the combined application of Benzyl adenine or 6-benzyl amino purine (BAP) and NAA showed most satisfactory performance in maintaining callus when half strength of MS medium was used.

 

Keywords: Stevia rebaudiana, Stevioside, Phytohormones, Growth regulators, Tissue culture, Callus, Aseptic environment.

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾ A01H 4/00, A23L 2/60, A61K 36/00, A61K 36/28

 

Explorer: Research Articles/Articles

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 377-381

 

Hor, the traditional alcoholic beverage of Karbi tribe in Assam

 

Robindra Teron

 

            The Karbis have an age old tradition of preparing Hor Alank (rice beer) by fermenting cooked rice with locally prepared yeast culture called Thap and distilling the alcohol called Hor Arak from the beer. Thap is traditionally prepared from leaves of Croton joufra Roxb. and uncooked rice. Highly concentrated alcohol in small quantities has been used among rural masses to cure dysentery, pharyngitis and cholera; while hor alank is used as preservative and for flavouring dried fish (manthu). The paper describes the indigenous method of preparing the beverage, various substitutes and adulterants used for the preparation of thap and its uses. The traditional Still called Bhot as well as improved Still have also been described in detail.

 

Keywords : Traditional beverage, Alcoholic beverage, Karbi tribe, Karbi Anglong, Assam, Hor alank, Hor arak, Thap, Rice beer, Rice, Croton joufra, Amomum corynostachyum , Acacia pennat , Substitute, Adulterant, Bhot, Still

 

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  C12C 5/00, C12C 11/00, C12G 3/00, A23L 1/22, A61K 36/00

 

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 382-388

 

Some medicinal plants used by Irular, the tribal people of Marudhamalai hills, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu

 

M Senthilkumar, P Gurumoorthi and K Janardhanan

 

        The present paper deals with ethnobotanical study on 75 plant species used for several common diseases like scabies, skin allergies, diabetes, headache, jaundice, scorpion bite, diarrhoea, leucoderma, rheumatism, earache, wounds, leprosy, asthma, dysentery, etc. by the Irulars (tribal) people of Marudhamalai Hills, Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu. The botanical, vernacular and family names, mode of preparations and uses have been provided for further pharmacological and clinical evaluations.

 

Keywords: Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, Irulars, Tribals, Marudhamalai hills, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu.

IPC code; Int. cl 8 ¾ A61K 36/00

Review Article

Natural Product Radiance

Vol.5, Sept.-Oct. 2006, 389-410

 

A review on medicinal plants exhibiting antifertility activity in males

R S Gupta and Rakhi Sharma

 

Fertility control is an issue of global and national public health concern. Many studies have been done on the male contraception. The traditional use of medicinal plants to treat different sorts of diseases, including fertility related problems is widespread throughout the world as many plant substances are known for their interferences with the male reproductive system. The present review is an attempt to summarize the fertility regulatory plants with part used, type of extract/isolated compounds (active principles) along with animal model used. The literature covered is of 25 years i.e. from 1980 to 2005 for 105 plants showing antifertility activity in males.

Keywords: Antifertility activity, Spermatogenesis, Testes, Medicinal plants.

IPC code; Int. cl.8 ¾  A61K 36/00, A61P 15/00, A61P 15/16