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Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

 

 

 

 

 

ISSN:0972-5938    
VOLUME 2

NUMBER 4

OCTOBER 2003

 

 

 

 

CONTENTS

 

 

 

Renewal notice

307

 

 

Editorial Board

309

 

 

Papers

 

Indigenous Knowledge/CFS experience

313

C R Rajagopalan

 

Notable foreign medicinal uses for some plants of Indian tradition

321

S K Jain

 

   

Essence of Ayurveda: The traditional medical science

333

D M Sakarkar, Ku. U M Sakarkar and S B Jaiswal

 

Use of animals and animal products in traditional health care systems in 

346

District Kachchh, Gujarat

 

Leena Gupta, C S Silori, Nisha Mistry and A M Dixit

 

Ethno-medico-botany of household remedies of Kolayat tehsil in Bikaner

357

district, Rajasthan

 

Suresh Kumar, Sangeeta Goyal and Farzana Parveen

 

 

 

Utilization of medicinal plants by the rural women of Kullu, Himachal Pradesh

366

Bhagwati Uniyal

 

   
Cryptolepis buchanani – A less-known medicinal plant used in bone fracture

371

Kumananda Tayung and Nabin Saikia

 

 

Evaluation of anti-ulcer effect of root of Curcuma zedoaria in rats

375

Raghuveer Gupta P S, Md. Majed Ali, Eranna D and Ramachandra Setty S

 

 

Ethnomedicinal plants from Katepurna wildlife sanctuary of Akola district

378

S P Rothe

 

 

 

Anticonvulsant and free radical scavenging activity of Hybanthus enneaspermus: A preliminary screening

383

S Hemalatha, A K Wahi, P N Singh and  J P N Chansouria

 

 

 

Herbal remedies used for hair disorders by tribals and rural folk in Gujarat

389

K D Mitaliya, D C Bhatt, N K Patel and S K Dodia

 

 

 

Herbal Folk remedies of Bankura and Medinipur districts, West Bengal

393

 Ashis Ghosh

 

 

 

Traditional knowledge of Ethnomedicine in Jaunsar-bawar, Dehradun district

397

Alok Chantia

 

 

 

Book reviews

400

 

 

Announcements

404

 

 

Information for Contributors

407

 

 

Subscription form

411

 

 

Annual index

413

 

indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

 Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 313-320

 

Indigenous Knowledge/CFS experience

C R Rajagopalan

 

Different facets of Indigenous Knowledge are discussed and experience of the Centre for IK/Folklore Studies (CFS), Thrissur, in collecting, documenting and promoting local knowledge, is narrated.

 

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Nattarivu, Local knowledge, Folklore, CFS Thrissur, Kerala.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 321-332

 

Notable foreign medicinal uses for some plants of Indian tradition

S K Jain

 

Several hundred plants of Indian ethnobotanical heritage also occur in distant foreign lands. The objective was to see if any of the selected 50 plants of traditional medicine in India are also used, and if so, how, among the indigenous societies of Africa, China, West Indies and Latin America. The analysis was done for seven diseases namely malaria, leprosy, jaundice, diabetes, fertility, cardiac and skin diseases. Over 75 medicinal uses relating to 43 species among the foreign native folk seem new or not widely recorded in Indian ethnomedicinal literature. They provide material for further work for use in India. Over 70 uses relating to 35 species are almost common to Indian and these foreign ethnic groups. This suggests greater credibility for medicinal efficacy of those species. It is discussed that excessive extraction of root and bark drugs can endanger natural populations. The analysis suggests aerial parts of some species as potential substitutes. For example, in India for skin diseases rhizome of Gloriosa superba is used but in Africa leaves and fruits are used. In India, root of Lawsonia inermis is used for jaundice, in Africa, leaf and bark are used. An index to diseases dealt in the paper is provided; this will facilitate reaching the related plant species for further study.

 

Key words: Ethnomedicine, China, Africa, West Indies, Latin America, Indian tradition.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 333-345

 

Essence of Ayurveda: The traditional medical science

D M Sakarkar, Ku. U M Sakarkar and S B Jaiswal

 

As the health care professions look seriously at complementary and alternative modalities of medicine, a growing interest in traditional Indian medicine is emerging simultaneously. As with any popular development, aspects of the Indian medical system and its cures have sometimes been appropriated by individuals not wholly familiar with the basics of Ayurveda or the Science of Longevity. Over the past decade, however, a group of dedicated scholars has undertaken serious study of this ancient healing tradition. It is appropriate to present the fundamental principles and practices of traditional Ayurveda, as they may be understood from classical Sanskrit sources and traditional Indian practitioners. Traditional Ayurveda is a sophisticated system of medicine that has been practiced in India for over 2,500 years. Like other forms of alternative and complementary medicine, it focuses on the whole organism and its relation to the external world, in order to reestablish and maintain the harmonious balance that exists within the body and between the body and its environment. Only a glimpse of this ancient form of medicine has been offered; there is much to be learned from a deeper exploration of Ayurveda. Here the authors stress the various aspects of traditional practice of an ancient Indian medical science i.e. Ayurveda.

 

Keywords: Ayurveda, Indian medicine.

 


 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 346-356

 

Use of animals and animal products in traditional health care systems in District Kachchh, Gujarat

Leena Gupta, C S Silori, Nisha Mistry and A M Dixit

 

The present article describes the traditional knowledge of local communities on ethnozoology in district Kachchh. Through structured questionnaire survey a total of 194 respondents from 29 villages were interviewed across different communities and socio-economic strata of the sampled villages. Respondents listed about 34 animal and bird species, including 28 wild and 6 domestic, which are used in primary health care needs of human beings and livestock and for other purposes also. Blood and flesh are most commonly used animal products to treat diseases such as asthma, cough, rheumatism and healing of external injuries. Of the wild animal and bird species, Indian Wild Ass and Common Indian Monitor Lizard are listed as endangered while Chinkara, Indian Flap Shell Turtle and Peafowl are listed as vulnerable in the Red Data Book of Indian Animals. The findings are more important in view of the fact that if the remedial measures, for which these animals are used, are not proved scientifically, the common man should be made aware of this, which in future will significantly help in conservation of rare and endangered animals.

 

Keywords: Traditional knowledge, Ethnozoology, Ethnoveterinary practices, Kachchh.


 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 357-365

 

Ethno-medico-botany of household remedies of Kolayat tehsil in Bikaner district, Rajasthan

Suresh Kumar, Sangeeta Goyal and Farzana Parveen

 

Kolayat tehsil of Bikaner district is under transformation with water from Indira Gandhi Canal changing the predominantly silvipastoral land-use to agricultural land-use, thus endangering not only the loss/change of species but also loss of traditional knowledge. Therefore, ethno-medicinal appraisal of plant species in different villages of Kolayat tehsil was carried out by interviewing people of different castes like Meghwals, Jogis, Charans, Sardars, Purohits, Vishnois, Mohammedans, Joshis, Rajputs, Brahmins and Swamis. These plant uses along with other details like part used and the mode of administration revealed that 38 plant species were used for curing 23 types of ailments. These include pain killer, abortifacient, antifever, antispasmodic, antiasthmatic, hepatoprotective, diuretic, and many others. Prior to the present work, the Kolayat tehsil was ethno-medico botanically unexplored.

 

Keywords: Ethno-medico-botany, Household remedies, Kolayat tehsil, Bikaner district.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 366-370

 

Utilization of medicinal plants by the rural women of Kullu, Himachal Pradesh

Bhagwati Uniyal

 

The present paper deals with the indigenous knowledge of women in utilization of medicinal plants for curing various diseases. 42 women (in the age group of 15 to 60 years) from three villages of Tirthan valley were interviewed using participatory methods and questionnaire surveys. The results revealed that a total of 25 plants species were utilized for various medicinal purposes.

 

Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Medicinal plants, Himachal Pradesh.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 371-374

 

Cryptolepis buchanani — A less-known medicinal plant
used in bone fracture

Kumananda Tayung and Nabin Saikia*

 

The paper presents the use of Cryptolepis buchanani for the treatment of bone fracture by tribal people in East Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh. The information is provided on the basis of personal interview with a local herbal practitioner known as ‘Bhejuyai’. Botanical description of the plant with local names, detection and nature of fracture and mode of administration by the herbal practitioner are described in detail.

 

Keywords: Cryptolepis buchanani, Bone fracture, Traditional medicine, Arunachal Pradesh.


 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 375-377

 

Evaluation of anti-ulcer effect of root of Curcuma zedoaria
in rats

Raghuveer Gupta P S, Md. Majed Ali, Eranna D and Ramachandra Setty S

 

Curcuma zedoaria is the chief ingredient in several Unani preparations used to treat peptic ulcer. Therefore antiulcer activity of root of C. zedoaria was studied in pyloric-ligated albino rats. The effect of root powder (200mg/kg oral) on the volume of gastric juice, gastric pH, total acid, free acid and ulcer index in the pyloric-ligated rats was studied for the assessment of antiulcer activity.

The root powder (200 mg/kg) reduced the gastric pH, free acid, total acid and ulcer index significantly and the results were comparable to that of standard drug omeprazole (30 mg/kg i.p.). It may be concluded that the root is effective in protecting against hyperacidity and gastric ulcers. This study justifies the use of C. zedoaria in various formulations of Unani system of medicine for the treatment of peptic ulcer.

 

Keywords: Curcuma zedoaria, Unani system, Peptic ulcer, Omeprazole.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 378-382

 

Ethnomedicinal plants from Katepurna wildlife sanctuary of
Akola district

S P Rothe

 

The present paper deals with selected 24 species of wild plants used as medicine by tribals in the Katepurna wildlife sanctuary of Akola district, Maharashtra.

 

Keywords: Ethnomedicine, Wildlife sanctuary, Akola district.


 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 383-388

 

Anticonvulsant and free radical scavenging activity of Hybanthus enneaspermus: A preliminary screening

S Hemalatha, A K Wahi, P N Singh and J P N Chansouria

 

Anticonvulsant activity of aqueous (AQHE) and ethanolic (ETHE) extract of Hybanthus enneaspermus was studied using maximal electric shock (MES) and strychnine induced convulsions models. AQHE at the doses of 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg orally showed significant protection in both models. The activity was equipotent to phenobarbitone sodium (30 mg/kg; i.p.). The AQHE showed no neurotoxicity. Ethanolic extract did not show protection in these models. The AQHE exhibited free radical scavenging activity in an in vitro system using DPPH.

 

Keywords: Hybanthus enneaspermus, MES, Strychnine, Anticonvulsant activity, Free radical scavenging activity, DPPH.


 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 389-392

 

Herbal remedies used for hair disorders by tribals
and rural folk in Gujarat

K D Mitaliya1, D C Bhatt1*, N K Patel2 and S K Dodia1

1Department of Marine Sciences, Bhavnagar University, Bhavnagar 364 002, Gujarat, India

2Biology Department, Sheth M.N Science College, Patan 384 265, Gujarat, India

 

This paper deals with the survey of some 23 important plants used against hair disorders viz, hair loss, dandruff, de-colouration of hairs, etc. by tribals and rural people of Gujarat. The survey was undertaken during 1996-2001 in different regions of Gujarat.

 

Keywords: Herbal remedies, Hair disorders, Tribals, Rural folk.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 393-396

 

Herbal folk remedies of Bankura and Medinipur districts,
West Bengal

 

Ashis Ghosh

Twenty two medicinal plants belonging to nineteen families used by the tribals/ local communities of Bankura and Medinipur districts, West Bengal have been reported as the potential drugs against twenty common ailments of the people.

 

Keywords: Herbal folk remedies, Tribals, Bankura, Medinipur.

 

 

 

Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge

Vol. 2(4), October 2003, pp. 397-399

 

Traditional knowledge of ethnomedicine in Jaunsar-bawar, Dehradun district

 Alok Chantia

 

In Jaunsar-bawar area (Chakrata tehsil of Dehradun district), different kinds of medical practitioners (priests, magicians, exorcists and quacks) abound. Many cures are effected by one or more persons treating a single patient at a time or in succession. In traditional societies, herbalists and midwives frequently acquire their skills from their mothers or other close relatives. In most of these rural societies, their localities are almost bereft of modern health facilities. In such a situation, they use their traditional knowledge about the locally available plants to cure many diseases. In this paper, an attempt has been made to see how these ethnomedicines are useful in Jaunsar-bawar to maintain their healthy life.

 

Keywords: Ethnomedicine, Tribal groups, Jaunsar-bawar, Dehradun.

AUTHOR INDEX

Ali Md. Majed

375

Goyal Sangeeta

357

Rothe S P

378

 

 

Gupta Leena

346

Bhatt D C

389

Gupta P S Raghuveer

375

Saikia Nabin

371

 

 

Sakarkar D M

333

Chansouria J P N

383

Hemalatha S

383

Sakarkar Ku. U M

333

Chantia Alok

397

Setty Ramachandra S

375

 

 

Jain S K

321

Silori C S

346

Dixit A M

346

Jaiswal S B

333

Singh P N

383

Dodia S K

389

Suresh Kumar

357

 

 

Mistry Nisha

346

Eranna D

375

Mitaliya K D

389

Tayung Kumananda

371

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farzana Parveen

357

Patel N K

389

Uniyal Bhagwati

366

Ghosh Ashis

393

Rajagopalan C R

313

Wahi A K

383

 

ANNUAL AUTHOR INDEX

Adane Tesfaye

 189

Gupta L

240

Sahai Suman

11

Agarwal Gaurav

62

Gupta Leena

346

Sahoo K N

22

Agarwal Nanda Kishor

79

Gupta P S

Raghuveer

375

Saikia Nabin

371

Agrawal Devendra K

40

 

 

Sakarkar D M

333

Agte Vaishali V

215

Hemalatha S

383

Sakarkar Ku. U M

333

Akkalkotkar Mandar

215

Hui A K

22

Samal Prasanna K

40

Ali Md. Majed

375

Jain Alka

289

Setty Ramachandra S

79,375

Ashwani Kumar

62

Jain Anita

27

Shah Anubha

40

 

 

Jain S K

118,321

Sharma G M K

107

Banavalikar M M

51

Jaiswal S B

333

Sharma Laxmikant

62

Banerjee P

22

Jha Vidyanath

170

Sharma P P

292

Basu S K

22

 

 

Shivaprasad B

272

Basnet Purusotam

159

Kamble K D

137

Silori C S

240, 346

Bhatt D C

389

Kandpal K D

256

Singh P N

383

Birkumar Singh H

148

Katewa S S

27

Singh D

107

Biswas T K

22

Kaur Jasjeet

126

Singh H Birkumar

289

Biyani M K

51

Komatsu Katsuko

159

Singh R S

289

Borthakur S K 

230

Lakshmayya

79

Singh Ranjay K

181

 

 

 

 

Singh Ved Prakash

107

Chakraborty N C

22

Maity T K

284

Sinha R K

107

Chandrashekar K R

272

Manilal K S

265

Sodhi G S

126

Chansouria J P N

383

Maya S

224

Sreekumar V B

265

Chantia Alok

397

Mehra Bhupender

40

Srivastava Sumita

118

Chatterjee J

22

Mengale Sangeeta S

215

Sundriyal R C

148

Chaudhary B L

27

Mistry Nisha

241, 346

Suresh Kumar

357

Chiplonkar Shashi A

215

Mitaliya K D

389

Suthar A C

51

 

 

Mohanty R B

69

 

 

Debnath P K

22

Mujumdar A M

292

Tayung Kumananda

371

Dinda Subas Ch

284

 

 

Tiwari D N

170

Dixit A M

240

Nair M D

7

Tiwari Sushil

40

Dixit A M

346

Negi G C S

256

Tripathi S K

99

Dixit S K 

15

Nelluri Narasimha Rao

79

Tripathi Yamini B

107

Dodia S K

389

 

 

 

 

Dwivedi B S

181

Paknikar Kishore M

215

Uniyal Bhagwati
366

 

 

Pal M

245

Unnikrishnan P M
159

Eranna D

375

Patel N K

389

Tripathi S K

99

 

 

Patil S H

297

 

 

Farzana Parveen

357

Pramod Kumar

79

Vedavathy S

236

Fushimi Hirotoshi

159

Punjani Bhasker l

74

Vimal Kumar

74

 

 

 

 

Viswanathan M V

159

Galav Praveen 

27

Rai Rajiva Kumar

15

 

 

Gautam R D

189

Rajagopalan C R

313

Wahi A K

38

Ghosh Ashis

393

Renuka C

265

 

 

Gouda T Shivaraj

79

Rothe S P

378

 

 

Goyal Sangeeta

357

 

 

 

 

 

ANNUAL KEYWORD INDEX

Abutilon indicum Linn.

79

Garos

230

Palm fibre

137

Adenanthera pavonia

289

Ginger

51

Palm gur industry

137

Africa

321

Gingerols

51

Palm leaf

137

Akola district

378

Gold-weighing

289

Palmyra palm

137

Almanac

181

Guni

181

Panchang

181

Alternate medicine

7

Gur

137

Pentobarbitone sleeping time and

 

Ancient science

126

 

 

CNS and tranquilizing activity

284

Animal healthcare

240

Hair care

74

Peptic ulcer

375

Antheraea assama

230

Hair disorders

389

Persea bombycina

230

Anticonvulsant activity

383

Herbal cosmetics

62

Plant wealth of Malabar

265

Aphis craccivora

189

Herbal drugs

118

Policy support

137

Aravalli hills

27

Herbal folk remedies

393

Productivity

148

Arunachal Pradesh

371

Herbal remedies

389

Rabhas

230

Ascorbic acid

215

Himachal Pradesh

366

Rainfall prediction

181

Ayurveda

7, 159, 389

Honey as medicine

22

Rainfall–runoff water harvesting

256

Ayurvedic drugs

15

Hortus Malabaricus

265

Rooftop water harvesting

256

Ayurvedic medicine

62, 107

Household remedies

3577

Rural folk

389

Ayurvedic preparations

215

Hybanthus enneaspermus

383

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sabarkantha

74

Bankura

393

Indian medicine

389

Siddha

7

Beliefs and associated practices

230

Indian systems of medicine

7

Skin diseases

74

Bhasmas

15

Indian tradition

321

Spices

148

Bikaner district

357

Indigenous animal healthcare

40

Strychnine

383

Bone fracture

371

Indigenous healthcare

159

Sugar

137

Brahmaputra valley

230

Indigenous knowledge

189, 240, 313, 366

Synthetic chemicals

62

 

 

In-situ soil moisture conservation

256

 

 

Candy

137

Iron

215

Tai ahoms

230

Cattle selection

69

Irrigation ponds

256

Tamra bhasma

15, 107

CFS Thrissur

313

 

 

Tannic acid

215

China

321

Jaggery

137

Tapper artisans

137

Chyavanpraash

215

Jaunsar-bawar

397

Temple tanks

224

Conservation

148

 

 

Tools and methods

230

Cow urine

189

Kachchh

346

Toranmal plateau

292

Cryptolepis buchanani

371

Kachchh district

240

Traditional botanical knowledge

27

Curcuma zedoaria

375

Kerala

313

Traditional Chinese medicines

7

 

 

Khadi and Village Industries Commission

137

Traditional implements

230

Dacticoides brevipennis

189

Kolayat tehsil

357

Traditional knowledge

40, 292, 346

Date palm

137

 

 

Traditional medicine

79, 236, 371

Dehradun

397

Latin America

321

Traditional pest management

189

Diabetes mellitus

79

Litsea monopetala

230

Traditional phytotherapy

74

DPPH

383

Livestock

40

Traditional Unani, Ayurvedic medicines

272

Drosophila melanogaster

189

Local knowledge

313

Traditional water conservation methods

256

Drugs of confused identity

159

 

 

Traditional water harvesting systems

224

Duraphis noxia

189

Manipuri traditional medicines

148

Training programme

137

 

 

Manufacture of medicine

272

Tribal groups

397

Effective marketing

137

Medicinal animals

240

Tribals

27, 389, 393

Essential oils

62

Medicinal palms

265

 

 

Ethnobiology

69

Medicinal plants

240, 292, 366

Unani system

375

Ethnofood plants

27

Medicinal uses

148

Uttar Pradesh

181

Ethnomedicine

236, 297, 321, 378, 397

Medinipur

393

 

 

Ethno-medico-botanical survey

236

MES

383

Water maze test

284

Ethno-medico-botany

357

Motion sickness

51

Weight stone

289

Ethnoveterinary practices

346

Muga silk industry

230

West Indies

321

Ethnoveterinary

118

 

 

Wild animals of Maharashtra

297

Ethnozoology

297, 346

Nandurbar district

297

Wildlife conservation

297

 

 

Nattarivu

313

Wildlife sanctuary

378

Finger printing

126

Natural products

189

Wound healing

22

Folk medicine

27, 118

Neera

137

 

 

Folklore

69, 313

 

 

X-ray diffraction

107

Free radical scavenging activity

383

Ocimum sanctum

284

 

 

 

 

Omeprazole

375

Zinc

215

 

 

 

 

Zingiber officinale

5