Vol 53 No 15, 15August 2003
THE U.P. Industrial Consultants Limited (UPICO) is a premier industrial consultancy organization of Uttar Pradesh, having its head quarter in Kanpur. It is presently engaged in providing consultancy and liaison services for the promotion of small and medium scale industry in U.P. UPICO covers a wide spectrum of activities and has several divisions to fulfill the needs of overall industrial development of the state.
These include Rural Project Division, Management Service Division, Revival and Modernization Division, Export and NRI Division, Non‑conventional Energy Division and Training and EDP Division. Uttar Pradesh being a potential state for agri and horticulture produce, UPICO in its wisdom realized the need for establishing a Food Processing Service Centre to promote the small scale and medium enterprises to compete in the global market. In order to provide better service to food processing industry in the state through modernization and transfer of technology, UPICO decided to collaborate with Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore and Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (DSIR) to open a separate Food Processing Service Centre at Kanpur where a modern testing laboratory will also be established.
In a function organized at DSIR, New Delhi, on 10 July 2003, a tripartite MoU was signed by UPICO, CFTRI and DSIR, with the main objective of setting up of Food Processing Technologies and Service Centre at Kanpur, utilizing the CFTRI knowledgebase and technologies.
The MoU will enhance leveraging the entrepreneurs to set up industries across Uttar Pradesh and surrounding areas for value addition to agri material, using CFTRI technologies. The entrepreneurs will be using CFTRI Resource Centre at Lucknow as incubator for the Pilot Plant facilities and demonstration.
WTI (We Think for India), an a political body for collective thinking on issues of national importance, took the initiative to recommend a Draft Policy Framework for Manufacturing by consolidating the reservoir of intellectual capital and talent in Indian academic/management, research institutes and corporate organizations. In response to an All India Competition organized by WTI to prepare policy drafts for different scenarios for the Indian Manufacturing sector, 166 registrations were made. Later, 49 policy drafts were submitted by academic and research institutions. These were screened by a Committee headed by an industry leader which short‑listed nine entries in the preliminary screening. The short‑listed drafts were submitted by –
Shri Atal Bihari
Vajpayee presenting the WTI Award to CMERI Team Leader, for Its
Policy Draft on National Manufacturing Sector (left), and the award
· Andersen Business Consulting, New Delhi
· Indian Institute of Technology, Chennai
· Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow
· Indian Institute of Technology, Mumbai
· Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur
· Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi
· B M S College of Engineering, Bangalore
· V E S College of Arts, Science & Commerce, Mumbai
· Federation of Madhya Pradesh Chambers of Commerce & Industry, Bhopal.
Prime Minister of India Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee presented the WTI Awards to the above teams on 24 May 2003 at his residence in New Delhi.
THE Jabalpur urban agglomeration lies in the field of recurrent seismicity ascribed to the reverse activation of Son‑Narmada South Fault. Macroseismic surveys of the earthquake effects have unraveled site‑dependent ground amplifications, increasing the vulnerability of the built environment to seismic hazards. A need was felt to carry out prognostic damage survey of the existing building stocks in Jabalpur urban area, and review the existing codal provision of buildings for evolving appropriate disaster mitigation measures. Keeping this in view, the Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee, has carried out studies to generate inputs on vulnerability of engineered and non‑engineered structures and anthropic parameters of population living in dwellings susceptible to damage and other exposure factors for fourth level seismic risk microzonation with engineering seismological perspective.
To make the study meaningful in scientific reference, a database with respect to seismicity & anthropometrics was generated wardwise and characterized with reference to frequency based units(s) of 2nd level microzonation map. The available remote sensing data (LISS‑III) was found not to be of much use. Hence, intensive field surveys were conducted and attributes of building typologies were recorded in a comprehensive questionnaire designed for the purpose. The sample buildings were qualitatively explored for ascertaining Performance Modification Factors (PMFs) pertaining to specific structure, structural ambience, and soil & ground ambience. Based on the qualitative method of Rapid Screening Procedure (RSP), it has been found that 100% Type‑A buildings are seismically vulnerable. As regards to Type‑B and Type‑C buildings, 87% and 33% structures, respectively, are vulnerable.
In absence of the installation of SMA and associated strong motion data for the Jabalpur domain, empirical methods as stated in IS: 1893‑2002 have been followed. Though site response spectra have been generated with the help of ground response studies, the frequency dependent amplifications had not yet been validated; hence, these could not be quantitatively incorporated in the structural analysis for ascertaining vulnerability. In order to evaluate demand placed on structure vis‑à‑vis structural capacity, Demand Capacity Ratio (DCR) on various parameters like shear stress, compressive/bending stress, overturning of walls, and damage to non‑structural members attributing to possible failures, viz. excessive cracking, falling of walls, falling hazard, and the combination thereof, was calculated for Type‑B & Type‑C structures. For some selected buildings of Type‑C, a detailed dynamic analysis was also carried out and dynamic characteristics, namely time periods and mode shapes were calculated.
On the basis of DCRs for representative building samples, wardwise prognostic damage scenario of Type‑B & Type‑C structures were obtained and ensemble was projected for entire Jabalpur urban area. The prognostic damage scenario obtained for Jabalpur urban area for Type‑B structures: Excessive Cracking (EC) – 15%; Falling of Walls (FW) – 0%; Falling Hazard of non‑structural members (FH) – 29%; and combination thereof – Excessive Cracking + Falling of Walls (EC + FW) – 2%; Excessive Cracking + Falling Hazard (EC + FH) – 36%; Falling of Wall + Falling Hazard (FW + FH) – 1%; Excessive Cracking + Falling of Walls + Falling Hazard (EC + FW + FH) – 1%; and Safe buildings – 16% (Fig. 1).
Fig.1: Damage scenario of masonry buildings in Jabalpur Urban Area
Similarly, the prognostic damage scenario for Type‑C buildings in Jabalpur urban areas obtained is as follows: Excessive Cracking (EC) – 0%; Diagonal Cracking (DC) – 0%; Falling Hazard (FH) – 34%; Excessive & Diagonal Cracking (EC + DC) – 9%; Diagonal Cracking + Falling Hazard (DC + FH) – 7%; Excessive Cracking +Falling Hazard (EC + FH) – 7%; Excessive Cracking + Diagonal Cracking + Falling Hazard (EC + DC + FH) – 32%; and safe buildings – 11% (Fig. 2).
Fig. 2: Damage scenario of RC buildings in Jabalpur Urban Area
during the survey and its analysis and interpretation, the following conclusions for predicting seismic damage scenario have been drawn:
· The buildings in field–stone, rural structures, unburnt brick houses, clay houses (classified as Type‑A), comprise 15% of total building stock in Jabalpur urban area. It has been observed that these buildings are constructed based on socio‑economic considerations rather than an engineering approach. The construction practices, materials used and quality of construction for Type‑A buildings are varied in nature from one region to other region in the area. All the buildings lack seismic resistant measures and are likely to fail in the event of an earthquake.
· The majority of building stock (70%) in Jabalpur area composed of Type‑B buildings which include ordinary brick buildings, buildings of the large blocks, half‑timbered structures, buildings in natural hewn stone. As regards to seismic damage scenario, around 16% buildings are safe, while 84% buildings are likely to suffer damages in form of excessive cracking, falling of walls, falling hazard of non‑structural component and combination thereof.
· The engineered RC construction in the region typically consists of RC Moment Resisting Frames (Type‑C) with infilled brick masonry walls, which constitutes about 15% of the total building stock. The buildings have been found to be designed for vertical loads only and no special provisions have been made for making them earthquake resistant. In the event of an earthquake, around 45% buildings are likely to be safe whereas rest of Type‑C buildings would suffer damages in the form of excessive cracking, diagonal cracking, and falling hazard and their combination.
· The study presents the seismic damage scenario of Jabalpur urban area taking into account all prevalent construction practices, material of construction, quality/workmanship of construction, types of buildings, ambience, geological/geotechnical parameters and is based on ground realities. However, the limitation of study has been that it is based on a limited sample size of 474 representative buildings from different microzones of Jabalpur urban area.
· The present study on vulnerability when integrated for damage scenario analysis on incidence of earthquake with collateral geoscientific studies corroborates the finding of revalidated intensity map of Jabalpur Earthquake 1997.
Fig. 3: Prognostic Seismic Vulnerability map of
masonry buildings in Jabalpur
Fig. 3 presents Prognostic Seismic Vulnerability Map of Masonry Buildings in Jabalpur. Such vulnerability maps can be effectively used to project the risk associated with existing building stock in Jabalpur urban area. Further, these maps may provide guidance for future planning, risk reduction and disaster mitigation and management.
THE Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI), Durgapur, organized a National Symposium on `Towards Self‑reliance in Power' (SRP 2003) on 18‑19 April 2003. Curtain raiser for the CSIR Diamond Jubilee celebrations at the institute, the symposium aimed at understanding the present trends in power generation and future requirements for obtaining systematic solutions in different segments, to fulfill the `Mission 2012 – Power for All' of the Ministry of Power, Government of India. The mission aims at providing reliable, affordable and quality power to all by 2012.
Dr Gopal P. Sinha,
Director, CMERI, delivering his welcome address at the National Symposium on
`Towards Self-reliance in Power' (SRP 2003) Seated on the dais (from right) are: Shri Mrinal Banerjee
who presided over the inaugural session; and Dr R. A. Mashelkar who delivered the keynote address
Over 125 delegates from various technical institutes, universities, engineering colleges, power and other allied sectors participated in the symposium. Thirty technical/research papers on the theme were presented for deliberation. Also, several invited talks were delivered by distinguished researchers and professionals in the area of energy on the theme and other relevant topics.
The symposium was inaugurated by Shri Mrinal Banerjee, Power Minister of West Bengal. Dr R. A. Mashelkar, Director General, CSIR and Secretary, Department of Scientific and Industrial Research delivered the keynote address.
Shri Mrinal Banerjee in his presidential address mentioned that nearly one lakh MW additional power is required to fulfill our mission of `Power for All by 2012', and out of 345 power plants in the country some require modernization and renovation for better performance. Shri Banerjee pointed out that in the area of thermal as well as renewable energy, the performance of West Bengal is quite good. But so far as hydroelectric power is concerned, West Bengal is lacking far behind. He also mentioned that the rice husk biomass plants are becoming popular in the state. He informed that a 900 MW pump storage plant is going to be commissioned in Purulia very soon. Presently, West Bengal is surplus in power, and is supplying nearly 500 MW power to northern states. The minister pointed out that CMERI, a reputed R&D institute, can play a significant role in improving the performance of the power sector.
Dr R. A. Mashelkar in his keynote address stressed that power is the prime mover for economic development of a country and it needs resources. He also called for conserving power — “Power saved is power generated”, and added that rural electrification is the prime need. He further said that mass production by masses should reach the masses. Highlighting the accomplishments of CSIR from `Amul' to `Saras', he lauded the contributions of CMERI: “Swaraj' tractor and `Mark‑II' handpump were designed and developed by CMERI. He also stressed on utilizing the Indian talent, particularly in IT, to the fullest extent.
Earlier, Dr Gopal P. Sinha, Director, CMERI, in his welcome address mentioned that self‑reliance in power is the key to achieving economic growth. The objective of the symposium is to understand the contemporary and future trends in power generation, requirements and management in order to evolve systems, which will provide appropriate decision support and solutions for different segments in the power sector. To provide `Power to All' needs strategic and innovative thinking to formulate future policies and strategies for the power sector.
The deliberations on the issues spelled out various tasks to be adopted and actions to be taken during the next five years, to attain a steady path towards self‑reliance in power. The need for Sustainable Resource Planning (SRP) for Self‑Reliance in Power (SRP) was stressed.
The following resolution was unanimously passed at the valedictory function: To provide clean and affordable power to all by 2012, a multipronged strategy need to be formulated and this has to be done in a network mode with expertise available in all centres interested in power sectors”.
THE National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur, has played a leading role in developing varieties of steel for various industrial applications ever since its inception. It has specific facilities for steel making, forging, rolling, heat treatment, mechanical properties evaluation and metallographic characterization. Presently, it is engaged in the development of special microalloyed steels suitable for various automotive applications.
Dr Sanak Mishra Managing Director, Rourkela Steel Plant, delivering his keynote address at the National Seminar on 'Microalloyed Steel for Automotive Industries'
Automotive industry has grown very well all over the world during the last one decade. Indian automotive industry too has made great strides during the last few years in view of the increasing domestic as well as export demand. Indian automotive industry is developing new strategies with respect to offering warranty as well as services to the customers. The world carmakers use about 45 million tonnes of steel to produce 35 million passenger cars annually. Steel as an engineering material has tremendous potential for further improvement in alround properties and can indeed be classified as an advanced material. Today, the demand is for ultra‑light energy efficient and crash safe cars. Major steel producers in the world pro‑actively have formed a forum to develop the technologies for making ultra‑light steel body (ULSAB) cars in order to meet this demand.
Prof. S. P. Mehrotra (centre) chairing the panel discussion
at seminar on 'Microalloyed Steel for Automotive Industries'
NML, in collaboration with the Jamshedpur Chapter of Indian Institute of Metals (IIM), recently organized a two‑day National Seminar on Microalloyed Steel for Automotive Industry, as a part of the CSIR Diamond Jubilee celebrations. The seminar covered areas like industry‑related problems; forged steel for auto components; low, extra‑low and ultra‑low carbon rolled steels; dual phase and TRIP steels; simulation and modelling and structure‑property relationship.
The participants represented major institutes/ organizations like BE College, Howrah; IIT, Roorkee; IIT, Kharagpur; IIT, Kanpur; IT BHU, Varanasi; Tata Steel; Telco; Bhilai Steel Plant; Bokaro Steel Plant; RDCIS SAIL, Ranchi; Alloy Steel Plant, Durgapur; National Institute of Technology, Adityapur; Hindustan Aeronautics, Bangalore; Essar Steels; Visvesewarya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur; Rourkela Steel Plant; RD CIS Limited, Pune and many more.
The Chief Guest on the occasion, Dr Sanak Mishra, a towering personality in the field of microalloyed steel and Managing Director, Rourkela Steel Plant, inaugurated the seminar. Shri M. L. Bapna, General Manager (Technical), TELCO, Jamshedpur and Shri H. M. Nerukar, Vice President (Flat Products), Tata Steel, were Guests of Honour. Dr R. N. Ghosh, Acting Director, NML, welcomed the delegates and narrated the achievements of the institute in this area. Dr A. K. Das, Chairman, Indian Institute of Metals, Jamshedpur Chapter and Chief, Flat Products, Tata Steel, spoke about the importance of the seminar.
Delivering the keynote address, Dr Sanak Mishra spoke about overall development of microalloyed steel after 1960 and also highlighted the Indian initiative in this field. Shri Bapna discussed the special properties which need to be possessed by microalloyed steels for their more vigorous and efficient usage in auto industry, particularly to further reduce the weight of auto vehicle. Shri Nerukar stressed upon the development of better quality flat products which are needed by auto industry, by adopting special processing parameters. He also listed the achievements of Tata Steel in this direction by putting up cold rolling mill. Dr O. N. Mohanty, Chief, R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel, gave an excellent presentation covering almost all aspects of microalloyed steel including the design of auto components and specific auto parts. He stressed on the crash resistance and dent resistance characteristics of steel, which are required by automotive bodies.
Dr A. K. Vaish, Co‑ordinator of the seminar expressed that for the first time persons from steel industry, R&D laboratories and academic circles have come on one platform and they represent the entire gamut of microalloyed steel.
A souvenir highlighting the special papers, popular articles and abstracts of technical papers was released on this occasion.
Deputy Prime Minister Shri L. K. Advani in his message conveyed, “R&D establishments of Council of Scientific and Industrial Research are doing commendable work. I am sure the seminar will provide an opportunity to exchange knowledge, experience and ideas in this field”. Dr R. A. Mashelkar, Director General of CSIR and Secretary, DSIR, Government of India, said: “The development of microalloyed steels has undergone a revolutionary change in meeting the need for high strength steel used in critical auto components. This has led to considerably higher productivity at lower cost. Microalloyed steel has a tremendous potential as an advanced material. NML has done well in developing steel varieties for wide industrial applications and the organization of this seminar is an important milestone in this regard. I am sure this seminar would provide an appropriate platform for sharing of experience, ideas and knowledge in this important area”. Prof. P. Ramachandra Rao, Vice Chancellor, Banaras Hindu University and former Director, NML, wrote: `The seminar, as a part of CSIR's Diamond Jubilee celebration, will go a long way in exploring plausible improvements in microalloyed steel for superior automotive usage. On the occasion, as the President of Indian Institute of Metals, I commend the relentless efforts of the organizers in making this event a success'. Messages were also received from Shri V. S. Jain, Chairman, Steel Authority of India, New Delhi; Shri B. Muthuraman, Managing Director, Tata Steel; Dr T. Mukherjee, Dy Managing Director, Tata Steel; Shri A. P. Arya, Vice President, Telco, Jamshedpur; and Managing Directors of Bhilai Steel Plant, Bokaro Steel Plant, Rourkela Steel Plant and many more leading personalities of the country.
Prof. S. P. Mehrotra, Director, NML, chaired the panel discussion in which chairmen of six technical sessions took part. The observations/recommendations that emer‑ ged are as follows:
1. Different facets of microalloyed steel — its production, processing and usage — were discussed at length and it was felt that auto‑industry should communicate their intricate problems, which they come across during the design, fabrication and testing of autobody and its components, to steel producers.
2. Since special microalloyed steel is a fast emerging material for autobody and its components, any problem faced at any stage should be immediately tackled and possible solutions evolved on urgent basis.
3. Presently, it is being observed that many auto industrial outfits are hesitant to make use of high strength microalloyed steels in real practice. It is therefore essential that auto industry accept high strength microalloyed steels for auto components and auto bodies as is being done by Telco in making Tata‑Sumo, Indica, etc.
4. Apart from chemical composition, special attention should be given to modify, improve process parameters in various operations at each stage so as to bring significant improvement.
5. Auto industry will have to bring a big change in their welding techniques while making use of microalloyed steels.
6. Auto industry as well as steel producers must evolve new standards based on the experience gained so far. These new standards will certainly prove a boon to both steel producers as well as automakers. The evolution of new changes must be incorporated accordingly from time to time.
Dr Ashok Kumar Vaish, Co‑ordinator of the seminar, proposed a vote of thanks.
THE Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee, organized a National Seminar on `Environmental Pollution & Control from Building Construction Material Industries' at the India International Centre, New Delhi, on 24 April 2003. Held as a part of CSIR Diamond Jubilee celebrations, the seminar was inaugurated by the Chief Guest on the occasion, Shri Bachi Singh Rawat, Minister of State for Science & Technology, Government of India, New Delhi, and was presided over by Shri Vinay Kumar Mathur, Director, CBRI. Dr Dilip Biswas, Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, Delhi, graced the occasion as the Guest of Honour. About 100 participants comprising scientists, engineers, architects and technologists attended the seminar.
In his inaugural address, Shri Bachi Singh Rawat vehemently advocated the issue of Environmental Upgradation and advised the august gathering to strive for attaining clean environment for healthy and hygienic living. He appreciated the CBRI work pertaining to environmental pollution control in the building material industry. Dr Dilip Biswas highlighted the pollution monitoring and control technologies in the chemical processes in general, and building materials in particular. Shri Mathur emphasized that shelter is one of the three basic requirements of man, and elaborated the R&D activities being carried out at CBRI. In particular, he highlighted the institute's accomplishments towards development of pollution control technologies, and value‑added building materials from industrial wastes.
The seminar had two technical sessions and a panel discussion. The following observations/recommendations were made:‑
1. The Chairman Shri Mathur stressed on minimization of pollution owing to gaseous emissions from the building material production industry. He also stressed the need for identification of appropriate locations for establishments of building materials industrial units.
2. Dr Mohan Rai, former Dy Director, CBRI, advised for development of pre‑fabricated building materials and components to minimize energy consumption as well as pollution in buildings. He advocated the development of improved pollution control technologies for bricks, cement, lime, gypsum, etc. He also suggested for undertaking further work on conversion of hazardous solid wastes to non‑hazardous ones.
3. Dr D. D. Ojha from Jodhpur suggested for studying the effect of industrial pollution on public health and plants, and for enhancing the use of fly ash in the agriculture sector.
4. Dr P. S. Panesar, former Professor, IIT‑Roorkee, stressed the need for optimum coal consumption in the production of bricks and proposed that a committee be constituted to study the levels of carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide emission from the brick manufacturing industries. He emphasized the need for instrumentation in building material industries.
Dr C. L. Verma, Scientist `G' and Organizing Secretary of the seminar, proposed the vote of thanks.
CSIO‑Industry Get‑together to commemorate Silver Jubilee of Die & Mould Making Section of Indo‑Swiss Training Centre
THE Central Scientific Instruments Organisation (CSIO), Chandigarh, organized a get‑together with industry, to commemorate the Silver Jubilee Year of the Die & Mould Making Section of Indo‑Swiss Training Centre (ISTC), on 9 May 2003. This meet aimed at generating awareness among the industry about the capabilities, facilities, expertise and strengths of CSIO and ISTC, with the ultimate objective of strengthening CSIO‑Industry alliance.
Dr D. N. Tiwari, Member, Planning Commission,
releasing the souvenir during CSIO-Industry Get-together
Dr D. N. Tiwari, Member, Planning Commission, was the Chief Guest on this occasion. In his inaugural remarks, Dr Tiwari stressed the need for developing competitive technologies in this era of globalization. He expressed that industrial giants like Japan, China and South Korea could capture the market globally over a short period of time only by making optimum use of their available resources. Environment‑friendly bamboo, which is abundantly found in India and has a variety of applications, can generate a multi‑crore business if suitable processing techniques are developed. Dr Tiwari informed the gathering that one such project has been assigned to CSIO. Likewise, good quality crushers, converters and blending techniques need to be developed for extraction of ethanol from sugarcane, which in fact is lying in excess in the fields. He stressed on the participation of industry in this region and CSIO in such integrated projects.
Shri R. K. Saboo, Chairman, Kamla Dials and Devices Ltd, in his presidential address, while appreciating the achievements of CSIO, suggested that every industrialist coming to Chandigarh must visit CSIO. He also felt that CSIO should have a well‑knit relationship with the industry. He also stressed the need for innovation, application‑oriented and focused approach. He suggested for introducing some specialized training programmes in ISTC for micro‑technology, e.g. for the watch industry. He expressed that there was no dearth of knowledgebase in India, but the need of the hour is to generate cost‑effective technologies.
Prof.V.S. Sethi, Director, TBRL, spoke on the role of industry in the development of Defence Technology. Stating that DRDO, which used to be a closed organization earlier, has now opened its portals to the industr, he exhorted the entrepreneurs to come forward in the field of Defence Technology. He said that a large number of industries have already contributed significantly to several projects of DRDO.
Prof. D.K. Chaturvedi from Physics Department of Kurukshetra University pointed out that if Industry – Education – Research Lab trio works jointly and in harmony, it can produce far better and vivid results for the country as a whole.
On this occasion, two technologies, viz. Clinical Chemistry Analyzer and Explosive Detector, developed by CSIO, were transferred to two industries, viz. M/s Rohini Micro‑systems, SAS Nagar and M/s Security Defence Systems, Chandigarh, respectively, for productionization.
Earlier, while welcoming the guests, Dr R. P. Bajpai, Director, CSIO, talked about the contribution of ex‑ISTCians to a large number of industries in the country and abroad. Shri S. R. Taneja, Additional Director, CSIO, appraised the gathering of the achievements of CSIO and informed that CSIO has been able to transfer around 20 technical know‑hows, get 35 patents and publish 60 papers on innovative products and technologies in the last 4‑5 years. He said that if we have committed entrepreneurs with innovative ideas, we can give a tough competition to our rivals.
Shri H. S. Gupta, Principal, ISTC, highlighted the facilities and strengths of ISTC and invited the industry to make maximum use of these.
In the technical session, chaired by Dr Chandra Mohan, the brain behind the spectacular growth of Punjab Tractors and other industries, ex‑ISTCians shared their success stories with the ISTC trainees. Some of them have emerged as very successful entrepreneurs with annual turn‑over in crores.
The participants were taken round the Advanced Optical Processing Division, Central Mechanical Workshop and ISTC, to apprise them of the facilities available at CSIO.
An exhibition by the industry in and around Chandigarh was also organized.
The meet concluded with a cultural programme presented by the trainees of ISTC.
AS a part of the CSIR Diamond Jubilee celebrations and to celebrate 20 years of Indo‑USUHS collaboration, an Indo‑US Colloquium on Molecular Targets of Xenophobic Exposure: Role in Susceptibility to Diseases was held recently at the Industrial ToxicologyResearch Centre (ITRC), Lucknow. The colloquium was jointly organized by ITRC; Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow; and the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences (USUHS), USA.
Group photo of participants of Indo-US Colloquium on Molecular Targets of Xenophobic Exposure:
Role in Susceptibility to Diseases' held at ITRC
Welcoming the participants and distinguished guests Dr P. K. Seth, Director, ITRC, said that the prime mover of this programme is Dr Radha Maheshwari, Department of Pathology, USUHS, whose untiring efforts for the last 20 years have been highly rewarding to Indian institutions and USUHS. This colloquium, Dr Seth pointed out, aims to highlight some of the research findings of the collaborative work done by ITRC and USUHS in the field of environmental health sciences.
Dr C. M. Gupta, Director, CDRI, in his welcome address said that at CDRI the real architect of this collaboration is Dr Nitya Anand, former Director, CDRI. He also mentioned about his institute's collaborative programme with USUHS in the areas like malaria, leishmania, anti‑breast cancer agents, adding that the collaboration has been very productive.
Dr R. K. Maheshwari, Professor of Pharmacology, USUHS, gave highlights of the 20 years of collaboration with CDRI, ITRC and BITS, Pilani. The collaboration has resulted in exchange of 50 scientists from both sides, training of nine post‑doctoral students, 47 research papers, two books and seven workshops/symposia. He thanked the authorities of CSIR and USUHS for providing all help and support for the collaboration.
Dr Nitya Anand, former Director, CDRI, was Chief Guest at the function. Inaugurating the colloquium, he said that the perseverance and dedication of Dr R. K. Maheshwari has led to the success of this collaboration. He mentioned that besides research collaboration, USUHS is also training the scientists of ITRC and CDRI.
Stating that it is nice that 20 years of collaboration is being celebrated by holding a colloquium on a subject of current interest, Dr V. P. Kamboj, former Director, CDRI, introduced the speaker Dr John Hay.
Dr John Hay, Microbiology Department, State University of New York (SUNY) at Buffalo, spoke on virulence factor for Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV). He said that VZV, a human herpes virus, is the agent of chickenpox and shingles. The infection is umbiquitous and highly contagious and in chickenpox, it disseminates through its unique tropism for T‑cells. A vaccine is currently in use for children (VZN Oka). He said that he has developed a SCIDhu mouse model for assessing virulence of VZV mutants in human tissue and found that several viral proteins are involved. These include two protein kinases, from VZV ORFs 47 and 66, as well as glycol‑proteins C, E and I. The two proteins kinases are under investigation as modifiers of viral structural protein behaviour, as well as for having different tropisms for human skin and T‑cells. He also believes that the ORF66 kinase may be an important factor in controlling apoptosis in infected T‑cells. The glycol‑proteins appear to control virus growth through effects on cell to cell in spread of infected cultures, and he has observed both positive and negative virus growth patterns with different viral glycoprotein mutants.
Dr Mahendra Bhandari, Director, SGPGL, Lucknow, complimented Dr Maheshwari for his long association with CDRI and ITRC and making the collaborative programme a success. He suggested for creating a good database on xenobiotics to help study diseases owing to xenobiotic agents.
Dr A. K. Agarwal, Scientist, ITRC and Organizing Secretary of the colloquium, proposed a vote of thanks.
On the second day of the colloquium, Dr R. M. Friedam, Professor & Head, Department of Pathology, USUHS, spoke on Interferon and Carcinogenesis. He said that deregulation of ITR‑1 expression is associated with cellular transformation by several oncogenes. He told that Mouse Lysyl Oxidase (MLO) suppresses the activity of ras, an oncogene, in transformed mouse fibroblasts. Oncogenic property is also present in 1RF‑1, a regulatory protein, which has a binding site on lysyl oxidase promoter. Therefore, ras‑transformed cells, which lack MLO expression, are expected to show greatly reduced levels of 1RF‑1 expression. Northern blot analysis has demonstrated that 1RF‑1 is expressed more in transformed cells as compared to non‑transformed cells. Immunoblotting has shown the presence of 46kDa and 43kDA proteins in both transformed and non‑transformed cells. Larger proteins were found to be present in cytoplasm and the smaller ones in nucleus. Expression level of 1RF‑1 and 43kDa protein varied throughout the cells cycle in non‑transformed cells. However, no variation was observed in transformed cells. Transformation of fibroblasts with other oncogenes, viz. neu, raf, met, fos, fms or trk increased the expression of 43kDa and 1RF‑1 protein at 4h post serum stimulation at which point non‑transformed cells showed mineral 1RF‑1 level, phenotypic reversal by the treatment with 1FN retinoic acid or MLO. cDNA transformation did not change the pattern of expression of MLO and 1RF‑1. This study shows the constitutive expression of 1RF‑1 is de‑regulated by cell transformation.
Other prominent speakers on the second day included Dr R. K. Maheshwari, Dr John Hay, Dr E. G. Nils, Dr Anoop Singh, Dr P. T. Lo Verde, Dr V. Bhakuni, Dr J. Tiwari, Prof. Sita Naik, Dr M. M. Hussain and Dr Rita Khanna.
The participants recommended for taking up more joint training programmes for scientists in the field of genomics and proteomics, particularly on assessment of role of environmental chemicals in enhancing the susceptibility to infection.
As a part of the year‑long CSIR Diamond Jubilee Celebrations, the National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources (NISCAIR), New Delhi, organized a National Workshop on Herbarium Techniques during 5‑14 May 2003. The aim of the workshop was to disseminate the modern knowledge in the field of herbarium methodology and highlight the role of herbarium in education, research, environmental protection, bio‑diversity conservation, and in preventing the grant of patents on traditional knowledge available in the public domain. Twenty‑four participants comprising bio‑teachers of schools, college/university lecturers, research scholars, scientists from research institutes, state forest research personnel and staff of pharmaceutical companies attended the workshop.
Padmashri Shri A. M. Gokhale, Chairman, Food Corporation of India,
delivering his inaugural address at National Workshop on
Herbarium Techniques . Seated (from left) are: Shri V. K. Gupta, Director, NISCAIR;
and Dr S. Nagarajan, Director, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
Shri V. K. Gupta, Director, NISCAIR, in his welcome address, outlined the salient features of the course.
Delivering his inaugural address, the Chief Guest Padmashri Shri A. M. Gokhale, Chairman, Food Corporation of India, said that the topic was highly relevant to a country which is so rich in plant wealth. He emphasized the importance of a thorough knowledge of our plant wealth if we are to remain the owners of our rich biodiversity. “India is one of the two major biogeographic zones and one of the 12 mega biodiversity centres of the world and is the biggest store‑house of traditional knowledge which has enormous potential in global market. We must strive to utilize this potential to meet the challenges of the 21st century. As the world is moving towards herbal and digital concept, the usefulness of herbaria in proper understanding of plant resources is being recognized by patent literates in IPR institutions. worldover”. “Therefore, there is a need to have an organized herbarium database to safeguard our natural resources”, he pointed out. Shri Gokhale informed that owing to monoculture (e.g., extensive cultivation of one or two varieties of wheat and rice), the genetic pool of cultivated plants was eroding. He suggested to have a database of plant resources of a particular area covering complete information related to these plants.
Participants of the Training Programme beinsg demonstrated the plant processing techniques
Dr S. Nagarajan, Director, Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, in his key note address, traced the history of evolution of herbaria and their utility in modern research in plant sciences. He dealt with the problems encountered during the collection, identification, and maintenance of various plant species for their preservation in the herbaria. “Today we are deeply concerned with the bio‑diversity conservation, and therefore, there is a need for revival of taxonomy”, he felt. He stressed on documenting the traditional knowledge that is available with our farmers on native medicines. “The legal battle that India fought and won for Basmati on the basis of its geographic identify is an indicator of why we should have a good herbarium”. He stressed that “we have to convert the tremendous information that we have either in terms of biodiversity or in the form of herbal medicines, into knowledge, and this knowledge into product and ultimately money. “The time has come when all those institutions which are dealing with taxonomy should come together, use the information technology (IT) to create databases and share all information on herbarium specimens through Internet and connect each other through it at national and international levels.
Dr M. Sanjappa, Director, Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata,
delivering his valedictory address at the workshop
The lecture session started with a presentation by Dr M. V. Viswanathan, ex‑Scientist, NISCAIR, on the importance, types and functions of herbaria. Methods of plant collection for different groups of plants, from unicellular to multicellular, were enumerated by Dr H. B. Singh and Dr Viswanathan. Shri P. R. Bhagwat gave an exhaustive list of equipment and materials required during the collection of plant specimens. The participants were told that the information regarding the name of collector, date of collection, location (including latitude and longitude), habit and habitat information, local uses, types of soil, etc. are important components of the information to be noted in the field for putting on herbarium labels. Dr Singh threw light on the preservation techniques of plant specimens in the field and in herbarium, and also discussed some of the precautions required during the collection of plant specimens.
A field trip to Dehra Dun was organized and visits to the herbaria of Forest Research Institute and Botanical Survey of India were arranged.
In Delhi, the participants visited the Mycology Herbarium at IARI, where Dr D. K. Agarwal, Head, Mycology Herbarium, enlightened the participants regarding collection and preservation of fungi and diseased plant specimens. A visit to the gene bank at National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), New Delhi, enabled the participants to gain knowledge regarding the current trends in preservation and maintenance of germplasm. The participants took special interest in the cryopreservation technique. They were shown the room maintained at –20°C, for preserving seed samples. Dr E. Roshini Nayar, Principal Scientist, NBPGR, gave an overview of the role of Herbarium in preservation of wild germplasm of cultivated plants and emphasized on the utility of wild species in genetic upgradation of crop plants.
The topics like plant processing, mounting, labeling, accessioning, and filing, the prerequisites for a good herbarium, were described and demonstrated by Dr H. B. Singh.
Dr K. K. Singh, Head, Ethnobotany & Taxonomy Division, National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow, described the role of herbarium in the study of Ethnobotany. He pointed out that scientific study was necessary for verification of efficacy of herbal drugs, used in ethnomedicine, isolation of active principles and producing new molecules in drug development programme. He said that the active compounds like atropine, berberine, caffeine, digitoxine, emetine, ephedrine, morphine, papain, quinine, reserpine, vinblatine and vincritine, camptothecine, forskoline with rich folklore information, were discovered with the collaborative efforts of botanists, chemists and pharmacologists, based on field and herbarium studies. He cited the example of anti‑fatigue properties of the fruits of Trichopus zeylanicus discovered by the Kani tribals of Kerala and authenticated by modern practices.
Shri V. K. Gupta, Director, NISCAIR, in his lecture‑cum demonstration, highlighted the importance of Traditional Knowledge Digital Library (TKDL), being developed at NISCAIR, in today's regime of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). He said that the herbarium specimens are recognized as printed prior art publication and cited several examples where such information was used by the patent officers to refuse the award of patent. Shri Gupta discussed in detail, the international acceptance of Traditional Knowledge Resource Classification (TKRC) and its impact. He said that the TKDL software, with its associated classification system, i.e. TKRC, converts Sanskrit slokas into English, French, German, Spanish and Japanese. The software does not do translation, rather it does smart translation where data once abstracted are converted into several languages by using Unicode and Metadata methodology. Software also converts traditional terminology into modern terminology, e.g., `Kumari' to Aloe vera, `Mussorika' to Smallpox, etc.
Dr B. Subramaniam, Scientist, NISCAIR, delivered a lecture on plant classification and conducted a hand‑on‑exercise on the plant identification, where participants were asked to identify plants, using dichotomous keys, and also prepare these keys. They were also taught the use of polyclaves for identification. Dr Subramaniam and Shri Naveen Saini demonstrated the use of computers in identification of plants.
Dr Rajeev Kumar Sharma, Pharmacopoeial Laboratory for Indian Medicine, Ghaziabad, discussed the role of herbarium in crude drug identification.
Dr T. S. Rana, NBRI, delivered a lecture on `Role of Herbarium as a Tool in the Study of Molecular Taxonomy'. He explained the principles and techniques used for isolation and detection of molecules used as indicators for identification and use of herbarium specimen in solving intriguing problem of identification at molecular level. He described herbarium a `living organism' as DNA has been extracted from a 45,000 year‑old fossil sample. He said that DNA‑based molecular markers have recently been applied in various aspects of taxonomy to analyze genetic identity, pedigree analysis, genetic relationship among populations, geographical populations and species, and phylogenetic structures at various macro‑ and micro‑levels.
The lecture sessions concluded with a lecture by Dr M. Ahmedullah, Scientist‑in‑Charge, Botanical Garden of Indian Republic, NOIDA, on `The Role of Herbarium in Environment Protection and Conservation of Bio‑diversity'.
Dr M. Sanjappa, Director, Botanical Survey of India, Kolkata, was the Chief Guest at the valedictory function. He was welcomed by Shri V. K. Gupta, Director, NISCAIR, who applauded his contributions in the field.
Dr A. S. Reddy, on behalf of the participants, appreciated the efforts of NISCAIR in organizing such a useful workshop. Dr B. Ravi Prasad Rao, another participant, also corroborated the views expressed by Dr Reddy. He was very much impressed with the activities of NBPGR and TKDL. He said that such courses should be organized by NISCAIR regularly. However, NISCAIR should try to conduct courses for homogeneous group and not for heterogeneous group like the present one. He also suggested for the inclusion of computer‑based plant identification and plant database management in the curriculum in future. Responding, Shri V. K Gupta remarked that a heterogeneous group of participants is better than a homogeneous group because it provides a wider exposure. He assured that the computer applications in plant identification and plant database management shall be included in the future workshops.
Dr Sanjappa's valedictory address was on: `The Virtual Herbarium and Its Utility in the New Millennium'. “The virtual herbarium (VH), Dr Sanjappa explained, “is the electronic herbarium that projects the data and digital images of herbarium specimen via internet”. He elaborated the utility of the virtual herbarium and added that VH is an online herbarium information resource, accessible via the web, and provides immediate access to a wealth of data associated with the specimen.
Dr H. B. Singh, Convener of the workshop, proposed a vote of thanks.
SEISMIC Microzonation and Predicting Damage Scenario of Vulnerable Cities' is presently a major activity at the Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee. As Japan is one of the countries which have vast experience and advanced knowledge in the field of Earthquake Engineering, CBRI requested Japan International Co‑operation Agency (JICA) to send experts in the following three important areas of the project: (1) Seismic microzonation using microtremor technique, (2) Vulnerability assessment of existing buildings, and (3) Application of GIS in earthquake engineering.
Meeting of Director and Scientists CBRI & JICA Experts with Chief Secretary
and other State Government Officials in Dehra Dun
In response, JICA sent three experts, Dr Shin Koyama, Dr Y. Yamazaki and Dr N. Otomo recently to CBRI. During their 3‑week visit, they interacted with the institute's project team and had in‑depth discussion on various aspects of the project. They delivered special lectures in the three specified fields, which were attended by the concerned scientists of the institute and researchers from IIT‑Roorkee. Field trips of the JICA experts and the Project Team to Dehra Dun and earthquake‑affected areas of Gujarat were also organized. They carried out field studies at various locations in Dehra Dun, using the microtremor equipment. In Gujarat, they visited the sites of new constructions and repair/retrofitting work carried out by the public as well as private sector in Ahmedabad and Bhuj, and held on site discussions.
Shri V. K. Mathur, Director, CBRI, led a team of scientists consisting of Shri B. S. Gupta, Shri V. K. Gupta and Shri A. K. Mittal along with the JICA experts to a high‑level meeting with Shri Madhukar Gupta, Chief Secretary and Shri S. K. Das, Principal Secretary, Disaster Mitigation and other officials of Uttaranchal Government, at DehraDun. The possible areas of earthquake engineering for the safer development of Uttaranchal with the help of CBRI and JICA were discussed.
Seated on dais during International Workshop and Interactive Meet on
Earthquake Risk Assessment and Mitigation
(from right )are: Shri B.S. Gupta, Shri V.K. Mathur, Prof. A.S. Arya, Mr Toru Take and
Shri Achal Kr. Mittal
Also, during the stay of JICA experts, CBRI organized International Workshop and Interactive Meet on the subject `Earthquake Risk Assessment and Mitigation'. A good number of researchers and others from organizations like IITs, CSIR laboratories, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, IMD and universities from all over the country participated. PadamShri Dr A. S. Arya, Professor Emeritus, IIT‑Roorkee, was the Guest of Honour and Shri V. K. Mathur, Director, CBRI, presided over the function. The other dignitaries included Mr Toru Take, Deputy Resident Representative, JICA, New Delhi; Shri B. S. Gupta, Head, Structural Engineering and Shri Achal Mittal, Organizing Secretary. JICA and DST joined hands with CBRI in sponsoring the event.
High level meetings were held in New Delhi with Dr G. D. Gupta, Adviser and Head, Seismology, DST; and Shri Sudhir Kumar, Joint Secretary and Head, ISTAD, CSIR, to discuss possibility of international collaborative projects in the field of Earthquake Engineering. Mr Takashi Matsumoto also attended these meetings as JICA Representative along with the three JICA experts and CBRI scientists. Led by Shri Mathur the above contingent also met Dr R. A. Mashelkar, Director General, CSIR and briefed him about the outcome of the visit of JICA experts and the future possibilities.
Shri Achal Mittal, Scientist, CBRI, who is an ex‑JICA participant from CBRI to Japan, was the Nodal Officer for this visit of JICA experts to India.
THE CSIR Centre for Mathematical Modelling & Computer Simulation (C‑MMACS), Bangalore, celebrated its fifteenth Foundation Day on 15 July 2003.
This year's Foundation Day Lecture (eighth in the series) was delivered by Prof. V. B. Kaujalgi of the Indian Institute of Management, on `Performance and Evaluation of R&D Institutes'. Dr B. R. Pai, Director, National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL), Bangalore, presided over the function and Dr Gangan Prathap, Scientist‑in‑Charge, C‑MMACS, delivered the welcome speech. Prof. V. K. Gaur and Dr K. S. Yajnik were also present on the occasion. Dr Pai in his address complimented C‑MMACS for `carving a very special niche in mathematical modelling and computer simulation' and for `venturing into areas that others have still not gone into' and advised C‑MMACS to ensure that undirected research remains well supported.
Delivering the Foundation Day lecture Prof. Kaujalgi said, “All exercises relating to performance evaluation are difficult" and evaluating the performance of R&D labs is arguably the most difficult". Prof. Kaujalgi indicated six factors that would be critical in such an evaluation: good R&D planning, identification of market needs, effective technology transfer to the industry, selection of proper financial criteria for evaluating R&D worth, good man management and good team work. The most likely reasons why evaluation systems fail, he explained, are: too much emphasis on internal measurements and the absence of an appropriate `quali‑quantitative' index to measure performance.
Prof. Kaujalgi's lecture was laced with witty observations. Samples: “There are two big buzzwords in management today: `strategic planning' and `people management'; everything else seems to revolve around these two factors”. "I don't mind saying this at C‑MMACS: the mathematical abilities of management experts is rather limited”. “All these rankings of colleges and management schools that you read in magazines are not above suspicion; many are commercial and very controversial”. “The innovative output of an institute is directly proportional to its quantum of basic research”, he said. Prof. Kaujalgi ended his lecture with a SWOT analysis of C‑MMACS. The C‑MMACS annual report for 2002‑03 was also released on the occasion.
Dr P. Goswami proposed a vote of thanks.
THE National Technology Day Celebrations at the Central Road Research Institute (CRRI), New Delhi, were graced by Prof. Asis Datta, Director, National Centre for Plant Genome Research and former Vice Chancellor, JNU, as the Chief Guest. He delivered a lecture on Nutritional Genomics Commitment to Society. Dealing with the various aspects of genetically modified crops and products, he stressed that the farmers should come forward to adopt the genetically modified seeds to enhance the crop production.
Dr P. K. Nanda, proposing a vote of thanks during National Technology Day Celebrations at CRRI
Earlier, while welcoming the Chief Guest, Prof. P. K. Sikdar stressed on removing the hurdles in transfer of technology from laboratory to land and added that the technology should be widely usable and available.
Dr P. K. Nanda, Director Grade Scientist, CRRI, while proposing a vote of thanks stated that though researchers feel happy and satisfied by developing genetically modified seeds due to their desired characteristics, e.g. higher yield, pest resistance, the farmers do not feel the same way as they have to buy these seeds every year because the same seeds can not be used year after year, as the yield subsequently is affected. Prof. Datta responded by saying that one should see the cost‑benefit ratio.
The institute was kept open and the visitors were explained the R&D activities at CRRI. Poster and essay competitions were also conducted for staff of CRRI. The topics for poster competition were `Road Safety' and `Noise Pollution due to Road Traffic' and for the essay competition, `Effect of Pradhan Mantri Gram Yojna (PMGSY) on the Socio-economic Development of the Country', `Effectiveness of Flyover on Delhi Roads', and `Role of CRRI on the New & Improved Road Construction'. The winners were given prizes.
SHRI V.K. Mathur, Director, Central Building Research Institute (CBRI), Roorkee, has been elected Senior Vice‑President of the Indian Building Congress (IBC) and will take over as its President during 2004‑2005. Established in 1993, IBC is actively engaged in promotion of sustainable built environment in the country through organization of technical meetings, seminars and symposia. It has a membership of about 3000 engineers, architects and building construction professionals with the national agencies like CPWD, HUDCO, MES, Ministry of Urban Development, Railways, National Housing Bank, State Housing Boards, State PWDs as the members of its Governing Council. Shri Mathur is the first R&D Scientist and Architect‑Planner who has been elected its Senior Vice‑President. This honour has come to him in recognition of his vast experience and association with building science and technology in the country, and as Sr Vice President/President of IBC, he will be expected to provide leadership to building, planning, design and sustainable built‑environment in the country.
Dr R. K. Jain gets National Bioscience Award
Dr Jain graduated in microbiology in 1980 from G. B. Pant University and moved to Monash University, Melbourne, Australia, from where he obtained his doctorate in microbiology. He then moved to the University of Tennessee, Knoxvillee, USA and to Tyndall Air Force Base, Florida, for his post‑doctoral research programme. He joined IMTECH in March 1987.
Dr Jain's research interests include biodegradation of nitroaromatic compounds and aromatic hydrocarbons by bacteria at the biochemical and molecular level. Dr Jain is a Fellow of the National Academy of Sciences, Allahabad; Member, World Federation for Culture Collection, and European Federation of Biotechnology. He is also a recipient of the National Novo‑Nordisk Life Science Research Award.
As a part of CSIR Diamond Jubilee and NBRI Golden Jubilee celebrations, the National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI), Lucknow, is organizing a Convention of CSIR Libraries and Information Centres at NBRI, during 25‑27 August 2003. Being organized in collaboration with Ranganathan Society for Book Culture, Library & Informatics Studies and Ranganathan IASLIC Study Circle, Lucknow, the Convention will have `Impact of Information Management & Services on CSIR Research Community and Its Libraries' as its focal theme. It will cover the following aspects:
· Information Storage & Retrieval
· Information Resources, Multimedia
· Networked Information Systems
· Database Management
· Digital Libraries : Problems, Contents, Technology, Issues & Challenges
· Scientific Method, Research & Dissemination
· User Education: Studies & Surveys
· Policy Development : Evaluation & Standards
· Current Development Assessment, Training & Problems
· Future Trends & Prospects
Further details regarding the convention can be had from:
The Library Officer and Organizing Secretary,
NBRI, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow‑ 226 001,
Ph.: 0522‑2205831‑35 Ext. 226, 227, 0522‑2205843
E‑mail : nbri_li<P255D>firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com,
Fax : 0522‑2205836, 2205839