Journal of Scientific & Industrial Research



MARCH 2002


Technical Commentary


Global scenario of pharmaceutical industry with special reference to Indian
pharmaceutical industry

Presents an introduction of the structure of pharma industry, importance of research and patents in this sector worldwide, difference between basic and process R&D, the anomalies in India and changes imminent under WTO, the global scenario including industry size, growth, regional market shares, therapeutic segmentation, major players and brands. The Indian scenario discusses the historical background, present status, growth projections, changing strategies in the face of WTO, export opportunities and future prospects. Detailed coverage of DPCO, its evolution since 1970, present status, recent drug policy, coverage under DPCO’95, drugs under price control, their notified prices and major formulations are also discussed.

          Review Papers


Water management and production of future fuels      

Attempts have been made to manage the waste in an organized manner, reduce waste generation, conserve energy and look for alternative sources of energy.




Neena Raizada, V Sonakya, Vanita Anand & V C Kalia



Review Papers


Removal of phenol pollutants from aqueous solutions using various adsorbents   

D K Singh & Bhavana Srivastava

The application of conventional and non-conventional adsorbents for the removal of phenols is studied. The data presented are mainly based on laboratory studies and show potential advantages for treatment of phenol bearing wastewater by adsorption on non-conventional adsorbents.



An approach towards the development of environmental quality index for evaluation and categorization of environmental impacts 

M Sundararajan & V J Loveson

An attempt is made to develop an approach for the evaluation of environmental data through index analysis. Based on the sensitivity function evaluation and derivation of Impact Index and Quality Index related to individual parameters of the various components, Integrated Quality Index (IQI) is derived. Further, IQI for various environmental components are carried over to matrix analysis to have overall visualization in the form of Environmental Quality Matrix (EQM). The results can be easily evaluated using defined Environmental Quality Index Classification System (EQICS).



Semiconductor assisted photodegradation of textile dye

B Neppolian, M V Shankar &
V Murugesan

The degradation of commonly used textile dye reactive red 2 in an aqueous solution  by means of photocatalysis using ZnO in the form of slurry is studied. The influence of initial concentration of the dye, pH of the reaction mixture, catalyst loading, the presence of oxygen, hydrogen peroxide, and potassium persulphate on the degradation rate is observed. The method suggests the possible use of ZnO photocatalysed degradation of textile dye present in wastewater.


Studies on kraft and kraft-AQ pulping and bleaching of Populus deltoides          

Suhail Akhtar Rao & J S Upadhyaya

Deals with the kraft and kraft-anthraquinone (AQ) pulping of Populus deltoides at various alkali doses, sulphidity and AQ doses. It has been found that AQ has a beneficial effect on both pulp yield and strength properties. Further, kraft and kraft-AQ pulps are bleached with various conventional and nonconventional bleaching sequences including CEHH, OCEHED, and OCEDED to produce bleached pulp with ultra high brightness levels.



Prevention of malaria through homoeopathy

S N Chatterjee & S Das

Homoeopathy provides for proper functioning of the immune system of a person against diseases through constitutinal or miasmatic treatment. Of course, hygiene, socio-economic conditions must be congenial to health. The study was limited to the prevention of malaria and the work is going on in the clinic and a nearby village. Data, including pathological evidence has been presented. The work was carried out in three groups of people, viz. non-suffered, suffered, and those treated under allopathy or homoeopathy systems. The results show that the prevention of malaria through homoeopathy is full of possibilities.



Eco-friendly approaches for plant disease management — a report            

Krishna Pratap Singh


Book Reviews


·          The anatomy and evolution of industries: technological and industrial dynamics    
            Reviewer: Y S Rajan


·          Tomorrow’s energy — hydrogen, fuel cells, and the prospects for a cleaner planet  
            Reviewer: Tara Chandra Kandpal

Sci-Tech Update


·          The symbolic cognition in humans


·          Logic-based genetic programming (GP) with definite clause translation grammars (DCTG)


·          e-legislation needs further research


·          Solar heat for power generation exploited


·          London the best for e-business


·          Alternative energy for fuel cells


·          New technology for eye drug delivery developed


·          Innovation research policy to receive new analysis


·          UV exposure meter graphically displays dosage and uniformity


·          Mode of antibiotic drugs function found


·          Plastic with scratch-proof glass developed


·          Nobel Prizes 2001