NISCAIR Policy on Plagiarism


  The system of formal communication in science through publication in primary journals is based on originality and quality of information, being the only criteria for publication. However, there have been tendencies to misuse the system and vitiate the process of science communication for personal benefits. One of the ills, afflicting science communication, is plagiarism. Attempts at plagiarism may range from verbatim copying of extensive material of other authors, misappropriating results/data of others with minor changes in language/presentation without giving credit to original source, and to publishing essentially the same information more than once.

  As the premier institution of publishing primary scientific journals in various disciplines of science and technology in India, NISCAIR strongly reiterates its policy of discouraging plagiarism of all kinds. All efforts are made to detect and frustrate attempts at plagiarism through editorial screening and rigorous peer review in respect of communications received for publication in the NISCAIR publications. Cooperation of the scientific community is sought in our efforts to frustrate all attempts at plagiarism.

In case, any attempt of plagiarism is brought to our attention accompanied with convincing evidence, following steps would be taken:

(a)        After consulting the respective Editorial Board Members, authors guilty of plagiarism will be debarred from publishing their papers in NISCAIR journals.

(b)ááá Heads of the Departments/Institutes of the offending authors will be intimated of such incidences of plagiarism.

(c)ááá Such incidents of plagiarism will be publicized through the concerned NISCAIR journals in consultation with the respective Editorial Board Members.





The Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme (PACS) is prepared by the American Institute of Physics (AIP) in collaboration with certain other members of the International Council on Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) having an interest in physics and astronomy classification. The most recent internationally agreed upon scheme was published by ICSTI in 1991. Revised editions of PACS are published biennially, or as necessary, by AIP. It is a hierarchical subject classification scheme designed to classify and categorize the literature of physics and astronomy. PACS provides an essential tool for classification and efficient retrieval of literature in physics and astronomy; as such, PACS is used by AIP and other international publishers of journals in physics, astronomy and related fields.

In order to cater the needs of PACS classification, Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP) brought out by NISCAIR have initiated to assign PACS code to each article (wherever possible) for retrieval of information with the expectations that this will create more awareness and interests on these articles among the readers and will help NISCAIR to achieve its mandate of dissemination of science and technology information more emphatically.

PACS contains ten broad subject categories subdivided into narrower categories. The hierarchy includes mainly four levels of depth, with the narrowest term giving the most detailed characterization. However, beginning with the 2006 edition, a fifth level hierarchy was introduced; subsequently, in this new edition (2008), the fifth level hierarchy is continued. PACS also includes collection of terms for acoustics and geophysics, nanoscale science and technology. Depending on the topic, the most detailed PACS code may be found at the third, fourth, or fifth hierarchical levels. At these three levels, each PACS code consists of six alphanumeric characters divided into three pairs, e.g., 94.20.Dľ Ionospheric structure, composition; Mid-latitude ionosphere. The use of uppercase and lowercase letters as the fifth character for fourth- and fifth-level codes, respectively, is a means to easily distinguish the level of a given code; the use of italics for the fifth-level serves a similar purpose. However, case and font are not needed to determine uniqueness, i.e., there are no redundant codes.

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